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Are Red Wigglers Earthworms

author
Daniel Brown
• Friday, 11 December, 2020
• 11 min read

While you may plant a few seeds and occasionally water, it’s the worms that are putting in the long hours and sleepless nights to ensure you have a fruitful crop. Worms are great at composting too and can reduce the amount of work needed to turn your kitchen scraps into valuable fertilizer.

wigglers vs wiggler earthworm worm during surface
(Source: www.thedailygardener.com)

Contents

Between red wrigglers and earthworms, you have a complete team of willing laborers that will help you get many of the more unpleasant garden tasks done without you having to lift a finger. They tunnel ceaselessly through your garden bed, aerating the soil, its beneficial microorganisms, and all your plant’s roots.

It can eat half of its weight in food each day and transmute it into organic fertilizer in a process known as vermicomposting. Also known as nightcrawlers, this species of reddish-brown worms (Luxurious terrestrial) is well-known for being able diggers and eating dirt as they go along.

Not only can you collect them from your yard after the rain, but due to their large size, these are also the type of worm that is4h’ most commonly available from bait shops. Earthworms get oxygen through their skin, and when their tunnels fill up with rainwater they need to come to the surface to be able to breathe.

The moist surface allows them to move much faster, giving them the opportunity to travel greater distances during the rain. The diet and behavior of red wigglers (Eugenia fetid) make them a great addition to a compost pile.

Red wigglers can tolerate higher temperatures and tend to live closer to the surface in larger groups. What this means for you is that if you stock a compost bid with red wigglers, you can simply put all your kitchen scraps and other plant matter right on the surface and the worms will come up to eat it.

worm wiggler wigglers urban inaugural
(Source: urbanwormcompany.com)

You also don’t have to worry about turning your compost, since these worms will eat from the top and spread their castings throughout the bin. All those organisms working together to break down your kitchen scraps can produce a lot of heat, which in turn keeps the process going.

Measuring how much food waste your family is producing daily will give you a rough idea as to how many worms you’ll need. If you notice the food isn’t being eaten quickly enough, cut back on how much you’re giving them or add more worms.

If they’re devouring your food faster than you can produce scraps, take some worms out and share with friends. Both offer their own unique advantages for garden health, so it is natural to want to have both of their benefits at hand.

Different worms do this with varying efficiency, so let’s see if the earthworm and red wiggler can work together. After a rainstorm or maybe a generous watering of your garden, you’ll notice these little buggers surfacing from seemingly nowhere.

In fact, earthworm populations have been shown to increase plant growth and health in independent studies (source). In addition to aerating the soil, their tunnels also create routes through which water can percolate through the substrate, aiding in proper hydration of all of your garden fruits, veggies, and ornamentals.

worms wigglers composting activity soil vermicomposting earthworms sbf organic meaning worm
(Source: www.shareitscience.com)

The benefits of red worms (Luxurious rubella) for gardens are, admittedly, nearly identical to those of earthworms (nightcrawlers). These worms are much slenderer than the nightcrawler, are redder in hue, and are generally smaller in overall body size.

However, even though the benefits will be largely the same when compared to the nightcrawler, red worms are better equipped to work and live in your compost bin or pile more than they are for your in-ground soil. Red wigglers are excellent consumers of organic kitchen waste and provide incredibly nutrient-rich worm castings which you can use in your garden or potted plants.

There are both advantages and disadvantages to keeping red worms and nightcrawlers together in the same living space. Although it is possible to do so, there are some details to consider before you make your final decision, including the size of the worms and the container, the type of organic matter you will be using, and whether the compost bin/pile will be open to the air or closed.

The two are adapted for different environmental conditions, so it can be quite tricky to keep them together in the same container or composting system. However, with some creativity and care, you can make the perfect setup for both worms to be comfortable and thriving.

Additionally, if you are keeping nightcrawlers in a composting system, you will need a much larger containment setup than you would with red worms. Both species would have access to conditions optimal for each of them: the nightcrawlers would be able to burrow deeply into the soil, as they can either burrow into the ground soil or deeper into the compost mix (since the openness of the container or pile allows for a large collection of compost/organic matter).

(Source: www.soilthedirtguide.com)

Keep in mind that, if you do mix the two species in one compost pile, you will need to add them at different depths. In fact, don’t be surprised if you find earthworms showing up on their own in the lower parts of your compost pile.

The one word of caution I would offer with this is that you should probably use the pile in a “cold” compost method, meaning not turning it very often if at all. It is possible for earthworms and red worms to live together but each would require certain conditions in order for their needs to be met.

In this trait, they resemble Luxurious rubella. They have groups of bristles (called STAE) on each segment that move in and out to grip nearby surfaces as the worms stretch and contract their muscles to push themselves forward or backward.

E. Fetida worms are used for vermicomposting of both domestic and industrial organic waste. They are native to Europe, but have been introduced (both intentionally and unintentionally) to every other continent except Antarctica.

Tiger worms are also being tested for use in a flushless toilet, currently being trialed in India, Uganda and Myanmar. E. Fetida also possess a unique natural defense system in their CoreLogic fluid: cells called coelomocytes secrete a protein called Lenin, which is a pore-forming toxin (PUT), which is able to permeability and lose invading cells.

worms eat worm wiggler farm composting infographic wigglers compost bin food feeding magnet refrigerator bins vermicompost worry poster accessory starter
(Source: thesquirmfirm.com)

It is best at targeting foreign cells whose membranes contain significant amounts of sphingomyelin. (Lenin is also toxic to organisms lacking sphingomyelin in their cell walls, including B. moratorium, though the pathway is not understood).

The only simple way of distinguishing the two species is that E. fetid is sometimes lighter. Molecular analyses have confirmed their identity as separate species, and breeding experiments have shown that they do produce hybrids.

The two worms join criteria, the large, lighter-colored bands which contain the worms' reproductive organs, and which are only prominent during the reproduction process. Both worms then secrete cocoons which contain several eggs each.

These cocoons are lemon-shaped and are pale yellow at first, becoming more brownish as the worms inside become mature. At 25 °C E. fetid hatches from its cocoon in about 3 weeks.

The life expectancy of Eugenia fetid under controlled conditions varies, according to different authors, between one and five years. “Chemical changes during vermicomposting (Eugenia fetid) of sheep manure mixed with cotton industrial wastes”.

worm worms wiggler charlotte snail bin compost std tummy yummy side observing activity attached tail while invade trash eating composting
(Source: petsnails.proboards.com)

^ Orozco, F. H.; Ceará, J.; Trujillo, L. M.; Rig, A. “Vermicomposting of coffee pulp using the earthworm Eugenia fetid : Effects on C and N contents and the availability of nutrients”.

“Vermicomposting of industrially produced wood chips and sewage sludge utilizing Eugenia fetid “. ^ Bruin, Hake; Tengelmann, Julia; Andersen, Christian; Andre, Jörg; Lapse, Matthias (2006-01-01).

“Dissection of the mechanisms of catalytic and antibacterial activity of Lenin, a defense protein of the annelid Eugenia fetid”. ^ Platy, Barbara; Began, Janusz; Pan, Tomasz; Grail, Pawed (2018-09-21).

“Asymmetrical hybridization and gene flow between Eugenia Andrei and E. fetid Lumbricidae earthworms ". ^ Domínguez, Jorge; Orlando, Alberto; Air, Manuel; Monroe, Fernando (2003-01-01).

“Uniparental reproduction of Eugenia fetid and E. Andrei (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae): evidence of self-insemination: The 7th international symposium on earthworm ecology · Cardiff · Wales · 2002”. ^ Neubauer, Edward F.; Hammerstein, Roy; Kaplan, David L. (August 1980).

wiggler earthworms eisenia detritivore
(Source: www2.harpercollege.edu)

“Growth of the Earthworm Eugenia Fetid in Relation to Population Density and Food Rationing”. “The life-cycle of the compost worm Eugenia fetid (Oligochaeta)”.

Vermicomposting is a form of composting that involves the natural process of decomposition using various species. You can identify wigglers by their physical attributes, such as color and size, as well as their behavior.

Red Wigglers are two to five inches in length They are Reddish Brown In color Red Wigglers have Stripes or rings of different shades They have a bulging area on their body called the flagellum Red Wigglers can secrete a yellowish liquid with a foul smell to word off predators They often have a yellowish Tipped Tail The Red Wiggler stays close to the surface of the topsoil The Red Wiggler is one of the few earthworms that produces the exact chemical makeup that the soil needs.

The Worm Castings contain abundant amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Since people often confuse traditional nightcrawler earthworms with red wigglers, we needed a better way to identify these compost worms at all stages, which is why we created this interactive guide.

Both worms exchange sperm, which is then placed into the albumin sac, with the eggs and amniotic fluid. The red wiggler cocoon is tiny, about the size of a grape seed.

worms worm into bin garbage turn gold waste compost creating using vermicomposting material castings newspaper land kitchen
(Source: pentaclesandpastries.wordpress.com)

The cocoons start as clear, then turn white, yellow, and finally reddish-brown when ready to hatch. As long as all the conditions are correctly met, the earthworm should start to peek its head out.

Temperature between 65-85 Degrees Farhenhieght 80-90% moisture content Proper air circulation pH Neutral, or 7.0 (they can survive between 4.2-8.0 or higher alkalinity). After the eggs are fertilized inside the cocoon, they start turning into Zygotes.

The Cocoon is surprisingly adaptive to most weather conditions; in fact, the pupae can even remain frozen for years with all the life intact when it reaches ideal temperatures. The recommended temperature is between 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit with a moisture level of 80-90 percent.

You need to have adequate space and food for them to reproduce, and there are no dominant traits to take into consideration. The larvae are not as ideal for composting as the fully developed Red Wiggler (Eugenia Fetid).

Looking similar to their cousin, they are often confused with other earthworms such as the European Nightcrawler, or Eugenia Forensic. The Common Garden Worm (Eugenia Forensic), or European nightcrawler, can easily be confused with the red wiggler.

vermicompost compost vermi organic manure finished lendi khat fertilizer pack plants towncraft india goat production information farming gof powder potting
(Source: www.agrifarming.in)

The Red Wiggler looks closer to the Eugenia Andrei, which looks identical except for having a slightly darker reddish tint, and less pronounced stripes on the worm. A unique characteristic of the Red Wiggler is that it will secrete a foul-smelling liquid to rid itself of possible predators.

The Red Wiggler will consume up to half of its weight in nitrogen (food waste) and paper or leaves (carbon) daily. Start with smaller amounts of food and increase servings until you find the right balance.

It would be best if you never fed your worms things like Citrus Fruit, Meats, bones, spices, grease, dairy, or non-biodegradable materials. Although it can be tempting to throw all of your food waste into the composting bin, it will undoubtedly lead to a disaster.

Their muscles are the only thing that helps them grind food into a smooth pulp to digest. If you have trouble remembering all of this an infographic refrigerator magnet may help (link to Amazon).

Okaying ModerationNeverCornXCardboardXPearsXRiceXOrangesXSteakXEggsXFoods with additivesXCabbageXCeleryXBeansXBurgersXFrench FriesXRaw Potatoes Wigglers need oxygen to survive; they produce carbon dioxide like most other land animals. The oxygen passes through their skin, and carbon dioxide returns to the environment.

eggs worm cocoons worms egg wiggler wigglers eisenia earthworm compost earthworms hortensis european capsules these euro composting etc farm webstore
(Source: www.reddit.com)

It does not take much, but that slimy mucous membrane over the body of the worm is what is helping filter the oxygen into its bloodstream. If you see your worms surfacing a lot, then something in the soil may be causing this drastic change.

For the most part, you don’t have to worry if your worm population outgrows your farm. The population in your worm farm will self-regulate based on the size of the bin and available food supply.

If you are noticing that you have many small worms, read this troubleshooting guide. The Red Wiggler will also produce castings that can be used to add nutrients to the soil.

The following steps will help you harvest your Vermicompost using the Tap Method: You will need to gather a screen that will allow the worm castings to go through A catch plate You will also need to separate the worms from filtering them You will place the large screen on something stable Put a handful of soil on the screen The tap the pile from underneath, and the worm castings will fall through the 1/8 inch mesh.

Here is a very helpful video that clearly walks you through the steps of harvesting castings: Thomas Jefferson Vermicomposting is a simple and rewarding way to make use of kitchen scraps while providing your plants with an ongoing supply of truly nutrient-rich amendments.

wiggler worm worms gohiking logan bud pacific northwest
(Source: gohiking.ca)

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