Because they can tolerate a huge range of temperatures they do not require refrigeration and if given the right conditions they will stay alive and vibrant for their entire lifespan and even reproduce for you, multiplying at an incredible rate. This worm as its name implies comes primarily from Canada and from some of the most northern states of the U.S. Canadian Nightcrawlers cannot be raised in captivity without extreme difficulty, in fact, we know of no one who has been successfully able to do so.
This says a lot since fishing in Australia is about as huge as baseball is in the United States. If I were guessing, I would bet that fishing is the second favorite pastime after drinking beer, and of course, they often go very nicely together.
From our friends in Australia who raise African Nightcrawlers, they say it has been their most popular fishing worm. One of the other difficulties with African Nightcrawlers is also that they are very sensitive to cold temperatures, they start dying at approximately 50-60 degrees and below, so if you put these guys into your refrigerator you will kill them for sure.
African Nightcrawlers are some of the best and fastest composters around, in fact, they eat/process 2 to 3 times as much food as Wigglers. However, they also are telling me that there is another worm that is catching up and will probably pass the African Nightcrawler in popularity once the availability increases and the prices go down.
George Min gin, the owner of Kookaburra Worm Farms also advised that African Nightcrawlers are of no use fishing in salt water, they die very quickly. The scientific name for the European Nightcrawler(Euros) is Eugenia forensic, so as you can see from the name it is in the same Genus.
They are very active on the hook, they tolerate a very wide range of temperatures, so they don't require refrigeration, and they are easy to raise in a controlled environment. They do not reproduce as fast as Wigglers and are a little more particular about their environment, meaning they are a little more sensitive to vibrations and acidic conditions.
They also are much bigger than Wigglers and this is one of the reasons they make a great fishing worm. We have, however, spoken to several worm farmers who have been quite successful at growing them quite large, as big as 8-9 inches long and thicker than a pencil.
The bigger Euros caught the same size fish as Canadian Nightcrawlers but at a significantly faster rate. In the picture below, which is a little fuzzy, our apologies, some friends caught an amazing Catfish with small Euros.
Our next test is to use some specially grown extra large Euros for Catfish and Walleye and see how well they do. Whether you are a worm composter and fisherman wanting to raise your own bait, or you want to start selling red wigglers to fishermen and bait shops, this article will give you some tips on raising worms for fishing.
Specifically, you will learn how to fatten up red wiggler worms, so they are more suitable for fish bait. Use the below recipe to fatten up your worms to make them easier to get on the hook and more visible to hungry fish.
In order to fatten up your red wigglers for use in fishing, consider adding a few of the below foods to your composting worms diet. By nature, red wiggler worms live in tight, close colonies.
Red worms, however, are capable of remaining alive for several hours (or longer) and continue to wiggle temptingly on the hook. The best places to use red worms as bait are in rivers and streams as trout, walleye, bluegill, perch, and bass find them irresistible.
Unless you're selling red worms as a business, after a year or so of raising them you may find that you're producing even more than you need for fishing and your vermicomposting bins. Don't forget that many creatures will enjoy worms including your chickens, pond fish, and wildlife.
We carry 2 different types of worms on this site, and it can be confusing to figure out which one is right for you. This article is intended to help straighten out all the confusion and to help you pick the right worm for your needs.
Most of our customers fall into one of three categories: composters, fisherman, gardeners. Some say that they are too small, while others like them and say they are the perfect size for the hook and that they don’t have to cut them in half like other worms.
If you are a fisherman that thinks the bigger worm the better, then you may want to get the European Nightcrawler instead. The European Nightcrawler is closely related to the red worm.
Its main difference is that it is a little bigger than the red worm. This makes it more popular with fisherman who are trying to raise their own worms to save a little money on bait.
If you already have a little experience raising worms, these are a great choice as they are big and can process material very fast. Alabama Jumpers are not like the three composting worms listed above.
These worms are ideal for releasing outside in your lawn or garden. They help loosen and aerate your soil while their castings (worm poop) contain nutrients that are readily available to your plants.
They are the worm most commonly found in bait shops. They are typically kept refridgerated, so they last a long time in bait cups without needing to be feed.
They are very large, often people cut these worms in half as they can be hard to fit on a hook. They can also be released into your lawn or garden to help loosen and aerate your soil while their castings (worm poop) contain nutrients that are readily available to your plants.
I can still vividly remember one of the real ‘turning points’ for me prior to my first introduction to a worm compost bin. What’s really cool is that Dan was actually a guest on Bob Izmir’s show at one time (although not on the episode mentioned above), and also knows just how effective these worms can be for catching Steel head.
I was fishing an opening day in late April on a very crowded river that held many 5-10 pound Steel head (migratory Rainbow Trout). The water was gin clear and the fish were extremely weary refusing all regular offerings of various colored spawn sacs, spoons and lures and even big dew worms.
Luckily I had the foresight that morning to pack a couple dozen red wigglers adding to my arsenal with the hope of offering something different from everyone else. The water was ultra clear, and I knew this would be one of those challenging days when the fish would be hunkered down with feeding as the last thing on their minds.
My first 10 drifts were made with the typical baits as used by the fisherman who now lined both sides of the river with no strikes…there’s no doubt these fish were spooked. I single hooked a red wiggler on a small #12 hook, and halfway through my first drift my float disappeared, and I found myself fighting a beautiful 8 pound Steel head in front of everyone who had to quickly pull their lines in allowing me to fight this aggressive brute.
To make a long story short, I continued hooking one after another until I finally ran out of worms my mid-morning but not before landing and releasing another 10 or so beautiful chrome fish, not to mention the ones I battled and lost. During these early years of growth they become accustomed to only feeding on natural food sources which include small worms that get washed into the river after rainfalls.
Here at Uncle Jim’s Worm Farm, we sell three main types of worms: Wigglers for composting; Super Reds for composting, releasing into the soil and fishing ; and live Meal worms for animal feed. Red wigglers are Uncle Jim’s flagship worm–a small but mighty powerhouse when it comes to chewing through your compostable waste.
Red wigglers are only about 1-3 inches long and the diameter of a pencil lead, but they can easily turn piles of vegetable scraps into excellent garden fertilizer. Wigglers don’t tend to dig deep–they are adapted to chewing up vegetable matter and animal manure in the top layer of soil.
So being in a compost bin where their bedding and food scraps are only a few inches deep doesn’t offend them. If your compost bin or pile is outdoors, Wigglers are also superior; however, you may need to make a little extra effort to keep them healthy in extreme temperatures.
Some people elect to use Super Reds for outdoor composting because they can survive temperature extremes better than Wigglers. They will burrow through many feet of soil, and these tunnels aerate your lawn and garden.
Because Super Reds move through more levels of soil than Wigglers, they are more resistant to heat and cold. In addition, European night crawlers breed quickly and make excellent fishing bait.
So if you are looking for treats for your feathered or scaled pet, you should consider Uncle Jim’s meal worms. Unlike some other suppliers, Uncle Jim’s sells live meal worms, not dried ones.