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Are X-men Part Of The Marvel Universe

author
Earl Hamilton
• Saturday, 16 January, 2021
• 121 min read

Tiger said Disney is “looking forward to expanding the Marvel Cinematic Universe to include X-Men, Fantastic Four, and Deadpool.” Of course, we won't be seeing these exciting heroes in the upcoming Avengers: Endgame movie, but Disney is poised to press on into a new phase after the film.

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Contents

You could have Ryan Reynolds' Deadpool meet Tom Holland's Spider-Man, or the lineage of female X-Men characters getting a reboot and teaming with Brie Larson's Captain Marvel for a space adventure. Without a doubt, the X-Men belong with their comic-book kin, says Erik Davis, managing editor of the movie site Fandango.com.

Plus, the timing is perfect with “Avengers: Endgame” putting a cherry on the 22-movie saga so far before the next big story starts. Listen to this week's episode of USA TODAY's podcast, The Mothership, to hear our Tech Reporter and Film Critic discuss whether X-Men's “Dark Phoenix” will rise from its counterpart's ashes.

Were the X-Men to get added to the mighty Marvel world, McEvoy wonders how well they’ll meld since the X-Men are essentially a metaphor for outsiders. Davis thinks the best way to introduce a rebooted X-Men crew would be the approach Marvel took with Chadwick Boseman's Black Panther and Tom Holland's Spider-Man: weave them in with existing characters before launching their own franchise.

For example, perhaps a new Wolverine pops up as an antagonist in “Black Panther 2” as a way to “bring these mutant characters into the MCU without simply offering fans a reboot,” says Davis. Biretta would love to see Jackman's Wolverine standing alongside the Avengers one day, and using alternate universes would be one way to achieve that.

The world is already being taken care of in the hands of superheroes, nobody needs another group of heroes. Secondly, unlike other Marvel related on screen movies, X-Men doesn't really have the most consistent cast.

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Classic amazing actor, same with Nicholas Holt and Michael Fassbinder. But honesty, all that money that's being spent in a show stopping cast is going to waste if there is no execution behind it.

Well the biggest offset between X-Men and Marvel is that X-Men throws around the term “mutant”. Now, there's absolutely nothing wrong with that, but it's used in a very derogatory manner that normal Marvel movies would refuse to follow.

So to spend this rant on all things X Men and Marvel, the MarvelUniverse is already big enough with the Avengers and other individual characters. Report this Content This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator.

Despite not officially being a part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, it was one of the first big “superhero team-up” movies following the success of standalone heroes like Superman and Batman. There wasn't just one star, it was a genuinely ensemble-fueled film, paving the way for everything from Marvel's monolithic Avengers to Amazon's subversive The Boys.

I'd seen X-Men : First Class and Days of Future Past, and considering how they dealt with the foundation of the X-Men as a group, I just didn't think the original film was essential viewing. So, in honor of its 20th anniversary on July 14, 2021, I powered up HBO Max and finally watched X-Men.

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There was a bombastic and emotionally powerful opening scene, one that had MCU written all over it, but something in the presentation seemed...off. By the time I got to the senate scene, this felt less like Avengers: Infinity War and more like The Manchurian Candidate.

The Marvel movie” has become its own genre, an archetype for polished, epic, action-packed, films filled with one-liners. With nothing to build on X-Men was free to branch out into different genres and themes, which guided the franchise through its soaring highs (First Class, Logan) and confounding lows (Dark Phoenix, X-Men Origins: Wolverine).

WELCOME TO X-MEN WEEK, INVERSE'S CELEBRATION OF THE FILM THAT KICKED OFF MARVEL 'S MOVIE DOMINATION. Features Despite fan reactions to recent reports of a Disney/Fox deal, the X-Men aren't a good fit for the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

When finished, this deal will have a sweeping effect on the movie industry as two of Hollywood’s biggest studios merge, consolidating resources and throwing confusion upon the future of American entertainment. But be that as it may, and ignoring the horrifying ramifications of culling one of Hollywood’s oldest studios, the big takeaway in geek culture is, of course, the X-Men.

And more explicitly how these mutant brothers and sisters might be making their way home to Marvel Studios and the movie universe so many fans cherish. From social media to internet forums, this was a cause for online celebration, for in short order, Wolverine could be trading quips with Iron Man, and Magneto might finally offer the MCU a foe with some menace.

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As appealing as all that potential fan service could be on a surface level though, I have to say the fact that it is still somewhat disappointing that this merger is all but certain to be concluded before the end of the year. On simply a narrative level, there are reasons to view the mutants as a beat apart from the impressive universe built by Kevin Face and Marvel Studios.

In short, the X-Men are often allegorical stand-ins for persecuted minorities, whereas the Avengers, especially in recent Marvel Studios films, are mainstream icons to be as celebrated onscreen as they are off. This uneasy distinction between born and bred mutants and the Marvel superheroes who are gifted their powers by luck or providence has always been confounding on the page and would undoubtedly be even more cumbersome to explain on the screen.

The best Marvel films paper over inconsistencies with well-placed deflections or witticisms (again, “Pretty sure this guy’s a war criminal now”). Having existed for nearly 20 years and spanning 11 films, it’s outlasted several shifting epochs in comic book movie history, from its original heyday as a somber, leathery reclamation of comic following the infamous Batman & Robin to somehow weathering the multiple ages of first gritty and then lighthearted, universe -building reboots that claimed both Batman and Spider-Man.

In addition to its gore and swearing, there is measured patience in its gait, and it’s as reconstructive of the superhero genre as the best revisionist Westerns of the 1970s. X-Men : First Class resembled an actual spy movie, if of the goofy Sean Connery variety, and was a warm-up for Matthew Vaughn before taking on Kinsman, while X-Men : Days of Future Past churlishly used mutant superpowers to challenge its heroes with the temptations of drug addiction and political assassination.

The franchise has been commercially successful and has generally received a positive critical response, though some reviewers have found that some of its films and television series have suffered in service of the wider universe. It has inspired other film and television studios with comic book character adaptation rights to attempt to create similar shared universes.

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The MCU has been the focus of other media, outside the shared universe, including attractions at various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, an attraction at Discovery Times Square, a Queensland Gallery of Modern Art exhibit, two television specials, guidebooks for each film, multiple tie-in video games, and commercials. The other filmmakers aren't used to getting actors from other movies that other filmmakers have cast, certain plot lines that are connected or certain locations that are connected, but I think ... everyone was on board for it and thinks that it's fun.

Primarily because we've always remained consistent saying that the movie that we are making comes first. All the connective tissue, all of that stuff is fun and is going to be very important if you want it to be.

If the fans want to look further and find connections, then they're there. There are a few big ones obviously, that hopefully the mainstream audience will be able to follow as well.

Face, a self-described “fanboy”, envisioned creating a shared universe, just as creators Stan Lee and Jack Kirby had done with their comic books in the early 1960s. To raise capital, the studio secured funding from a seven-year, $525 million revolving credit facility with Merrill Lynch.

Marvel's plan was to release individual films for their main characters and then merge them in a crossover film. Arab, who doubted the strategy yet insisted that it was his reputation that helped secure the initial financing, resigned the following year.

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Kevin Face helped conceive of a shared media universe of Marvel properties. In 2007, at 33 years old, Face was named studio chief. In order to preserve its artistic integrity, Marvel Studios formed a creative committee of six people familiar with its comic book lore: Face, Marvel Studios co-president Louis D'Esposito, Marvel Comics' president of publishing Dan Buckley, Marvel's chief creative officer Joe Nevada, writer Brian Michael Bends, and Marvel Entertainment president Alan Fine, who oversaw the committee.

Face initially referred to the shared narrative continuity of these films as the Marvel Cinema Universe “, but later used the term Marvel Cinematic Universe “. Since the franchise expanded to other media, this phrase has been used by some to refer to the feature films only.

Marvel designated the Marvel Cinematic Universe as Earth-199999 within the continuity of the company's comic multiverse, a collection of fictional alternate universes. In November 2013, Face said that “in an ideal world” releases each year would include one film based on an existing character and one featuring a new character, saying it's “a nice rhythm” in that format.

While not always the case, as evident by the 2013 releases of Iron Man 3 and Thor: The Dark World, he said it is “certainly something to aim for”. Face expanded on this in July 2014, saying, “I don't know that we'll keep to every year, but we're doing that in 2014 and 2015, so I think it would be fun to continue that sort of thing”.

In February 2014, Face stated that Marvel Studios wants to mimic the “rhythm” that the comic books have developed, by having the characters appear in their own films, and then come together, much like “a big event or crossover series,” with Avengers films acting as “big, giant linchpins”. After the reveal of multiple release dates for films through 2019 in July 2014, Face stated, “I think if you look at some of those dates that we've announced, we're going to three in a few of those years.

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In April 2014, Face revealed that Edgar Wright's pitch for Ant-Man in 2006 helped shape the early films of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, saying, “We changed, frankly, some MCU to accommodate this version of Ant-Man. Knowing what we wanted to do with Edgar and with Ant-Man, going years and years back, helped to dictate what we did with the roster for Avengers the first time.

It was a bit of both in terms of his idea for the Ant-Man story influencing the birth of the MCU in the early films leading up to Avengers.” In October 2014, Marvel held a press event to announce the titles of their Phase Three films.

The event, which drew comparisons to Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference, was done because all the information was ready. As Face explained, “We wanted to do this at Comic-Con this year.

So the plan has been, since a few weeks before Comic-Con when we realized we weren't going to be able to do everything we wanted to do, is to decide 'let's do either something we haven't done in a long time, or something we've never done.' Which is a singular event, just to announce what we have when it's ready.

By September 2015, after Marvel Studios was integrated into The Walt Disney Studios with Face reporting to Walt Disney Studios chairman Alan Horn instead of Marvel Entertainment CEO Isaac Perl mutter, the studios' creative committee had “nominal” input on the films moving forward, though they continued to consult on Marvel Television productions, which remained under Perl mutter's control. All key film decisions going forward were to be made by Face, D'Esposito and Victoria Alonso.

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At the end of the month, on how much story is developed for future films of the universe, Face said there are “broad strokes” though sometime “super-specific things. But for the most part, in broad strokes that are broad enough and loose enough that, if through the development of four of five movies before we get to the culmination ... we still have room to sway and to move and to go and to surprise ourselves in places that we end up.

So that all the movies, hopefully when they're finished, will feel like they're all interconnected and meant to be and planned far ahead, but really can live and breathe enough as individual movies to be satisfying each and of themselves.” The studio also has various contingency plans for the direction of all of their films, in the event they are unable to secure a certain actor to reprise a role, or re-acquire the film rights to a character, such as was done in February 2015 with Spider-Man.

In April 2016, on moving the universe to Phase Four and reflecting on the first three, Face said, “I think there will be a finality to moments of Phase Three, as well as new beginnings that will mark a different, a very different, a distinctively different chapter in what will someday be a complete first saga made up of three phases.” Joe Russo added, “You build things up and people enjoy the experiences you've built up.

A year later, Face felt after the conclusion of Phase Three, Marvel might abandon grouping the films by phases, saying, “it might be a new thing”. Face mentioned that Avengers: Endgame would provide “a definitive end” to the films and storylines preceding it, with the franchise having “two distinct periods.

On the potential for “superhero fatigue”, Face stated, “This year , we've got Civil War, and we've got Doctor Strange in November, two completely different movies. As long as we're surprising people, as long as we're not falling into things becoming too similar ... next year, [Guardians of the Galaxy Vol.

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Those are three totally different movies ... as long as the only shared thing is they come from the same source material, and they've got our Marvel logo in front of the movies. In December 2017, The Walt Disney Company agreed to acquire assets from 21st Century Fox, including 20th Century Fox, for $52.4 billion.

The following June, after a counter offer from Comcast worth $65 billion, Disney increased its offer to $71.3 billion. The transaction officially closed on March 19, 2019.

The acquisition saw the return of the film rights to Deadpool, and the X-Men and Fantastic Four characters to Marvel Studios, which would “create richer, more complex worlds of inter-related characters and stories”. In July 2019, Face announced the Phase Four slate at San Diego Comic-Con, consisting of films and television event series on Disney+.

Additional Disney+ series for Phase Four were announced at D23 the following month. In December 2020, at Disney's Investor Day, Marvel Studios provided updates to previously announced films and series, and announced additional Disney+ series and specials, many of which were confirmed to be part of Phase Four.

Distributors Over time, the distribution rights to Marvel Studios' films changed hands on multiple occasions. In November 2006, Universal Pictures announced that it would distribute The Incredible Hulk, in an arrangement separate from Marvel's 2005 deal with Paramount, which was distributing Marvel's other films.

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In September 2008, after the international success of Iron Man, Paramount signed a deal to have worldwide distribution rights for Iron Man 2, Iron Man 3, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and The Avengers. In late December 2009, The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion.

Additionally, in October 2010, Walt Disney Studios bought the distribution rights for The Avengers and Iron Man 3 from Paramount Pictures, with Paramount's logo remaining on the films, as well as for promotional material and merchandise, although Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures is the only studio credited at the end of these films. Disney has distributed all subsequent Marvel Studios films.

In July 2013, Disney purchased the distribution rights to Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger from Paramount. The Incredible Hulk was not part of the deal, due to an agreement between Marvel and Universal, where Marvel owns the film rights and Universal owns the distribution rights, for this film as well as the right of first refusal to distribute future Hulk films.

According to The Hollywood Reporter, a potential reason why Marvel has not bought the film distribution rights to the Hulk as they did with Paramount for the Iron Man, Thor, and Captain America films is because Universal holds the theme park rights to several Marvel characters that Disney wants for its own theme parks. In February 2015, Sony Pictures Entertainment and Marvel Studios announced a licensing deal that would allow Spider-Man to appear in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with the character first appearing in Captain America: Civil War.

Marvel Studios explored opportunities to integrate other characters of the Marvel Cinematic Universe into future Spider-Man films financed, distributed, and controlled by Sony Pictures, with Robert Downey Jr. the first confirmed to reprise his role as Tony Stark / Iron Man in Spider-Man: Homecoming. In June 2015, Face clarified that the initial Sony deal does not apply to the MCU television series, as it was “very specific ... with a certain amount of back and forth allowed”.

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Both studios have the ability to terminate the agreement at any point, and no money was exchanged with the deal. However, a small adjustment was made to a 2011 deal formed between the two studios (where Marvel gained full control of Spider-Man's merchandising rights, in exchange for making a one-time payment of $175 million to Sony and paying up to $35 million for each future Spider-Man film, and forgoing receiving their previous 5% of any Spider-Man film's revenue), with Marvel getting to reduce their $35 million payment to Sony if Spider-Man: Homecoming grossed more than $750 million.

Marvel Studios still received 5% of first dollar gross for the film. Sony also paid Marvel Studios an undisclosed producer fee for Homecoming.

In August 2019, it was reported that Disney and Sony could not reach a new agreement regarding Spider-Man films, with Marvel Studios and Face said to no longer have any involvement in future films. Deadline Hollywood noted that Disney had hoped future films would be a “50/50 co-financing arrangement between the studios”, with the possibility to extend the deal to other Spider-Man-related films, an offer Sony rejected and did not counter.

Instead, Sony hoped to keep the terms of the previous agreement (Marvel receiving 5% of the film's first dollar gross), with Disney refusing. The Hollywood Reporter added that the lack of a new agreement would see the end of Holland's Spider-Man in the MCU.

Variety cited unnamed sources claiming negotiations had “hit an impasse” and that a new deal could still be reached. In September 2019, it was announced that Disney and Sony had reached a new agreement allowing for Spider-Man to appear in the untitled Spider-Man: Far From Home sequel as the third film co-produced by Marvel Studios and Sony Pictures and a future Marvel Studios film.

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Disney was reported to be co-financing 25% of the film in exchange for 25% of the film's profits in the new agreement, while retaining the merchandising rights to the character. Face noted that as Sony continued to separately build their own shared universe, it was possible this version of Spider-Man could appear in that universe.

This interaction was said to be “a 'call and answer' between the two franchises as they acknowledge details between the two in what would loosely be described as a shared detailed universe “. In October 2020, Jamie Foxx was cast to reprise his role as Electron from The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014) in the third MCU Spider-Man film, and that December, Alfred Molina and Kirsten Dust were set to reprise their respective roles as Otto Octavius / Doctor Octopus and Mary Jane Watson from Sam Raimi's Spider-Man film trilogy, along with Andrew Garfield as his Peter Parker / Spider-Man from Marc Webb's The Amazing Spider-Man films.

Emma Stone was also expected to return as Gwen Stacy from the latter films, while Today Maguire was in talks to return as his Peter Parker from the Rail films. Marvel Television Former Head of Marvel Television Jeff Lobe served as executive producer of every television series on ABC, Netflix, Hulu, and Free form. In June 2010, Marvel Television was launched with Jeff Lobe as head.

In October 2019, further corporate restructuring saw Face named Chief Creative Officer of Marvel Entertainment, with Marvel Television becoming part of Marvel Studios and executives of Marvel Television reporting to Face. However, in December 2019, Marvel Television was folded into Marvel Studios, with Marvel Studios taking over production of the current series at the time; no further series from Marvel Television were being considered for development.

Broadcast By July 2012, Marvel Television had entered into discussions with ABC to create a show set in the MCU, and in August, ABC ordered a pilot for a show called S.H.I.E.L.D. , with The Avengers writer/director Joss When involved; it was later renamed Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

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At ABC, while a put pilot order for the half-hour live-action comedy series, Damage Control, was revealed in October 2015. While talking about Marvel potentially making comedy series, Lobe said in January 2016 that Marvel always feels humor should be a part of anything they produce, despite possibly fitting more within a darker genre, as Daredevil and Jessica Jones do, while staying “grounded and real”.

In May 2016, after ABC had canceled Agent Carter and passed on Marvel's Most Wanted, ABC Entertainment president Channing Dunged said that Marvel and ABC were working together, looking “at series that would be beneficial to both brands” moving forward. In November 2016, Marvel and IMAX Corporation announced Inhuman, based on the species of the same name, after a planned film based on the characters had been removed from Marvel Studios' slate.

Sherwood hoped that this would be the first of “several innovative ways to launch programming”. In July 2019, it was announced that the seventh season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

Streaming Netflix By October 2013, Marvel was preparing four drama series and a miniseries, totaling 60 episodes, to present to video on demand services and cable providers, with Netflix, Amazon, and WON America expressing interest. In November 2013, Disney was set to provide Netflix with live-action series based on Daredevil, Jessica Jones, Iron Fist, and Luke Cage, leading up to a miniseries based on the Defenders.

Disney CEO Bob Tiger stated that Netflix was chosen to air the shows, “when Disney realized it could use the streaming service as a way to grow the popularity of the characters”. He added that, if the characters prove popular, they could become feature films.

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Lobe later stated that Marvel was not “interested in making four pilots and then hoping someday that they could all get together. They're very open to directors that might not have that same opportunity in broadcast television.

The notion of having all 13 episodes at one time, particularly in serialized storytelling, is very appealing.” Lobe added that the four characters chosen “all had a previous existing relationship and all grew up on the same kind of stoop in New York .

The characters have different issues, different problems, different feelings about them ... the example that I continually give is that I cannot think of two films that are more different in tone than The Winter Soldier and Guardians of the Galaxy. Nevada confirmed in April 2014 that the Netflix series would be set within the MCU.

Lobe explained that “Within the Marvel universe there are thousands of heroes of all shapes and sizes, but the Avengers are here to save the universe and Daredevil is here to save the neighborhood ... It does take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

In January 2015, Netflix COO Ted Saran dos said Netflix planned to release a Marvel series approximately a year apart from each other after Daredevil's April 2015 release. A year later, Saran dos noted that the release schedules of the Marvel Netflix series are dependent on the “long production times and long post times.

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He noted on potential spin-offs that “all the characters in the universe could also spin out” into their own series at some point, with Netflix ordering The Punisher, a spin-off from Daredevil, that April. Saran dos later stated that Netflix was trying to close the gap between releases of Marvel seasons, but would always prioritize the quality of the series over higher numbers of releases per year.

He said that Netflix was open to exploring the MCU beyond the Defenders series, including potential crossovers with ABC's Marvel series. In July 2016, Marvel and Netflix committed to complete production on 135 episodes by the end of 2017, making the deal the largest television production commitment in New York State.

Production for the different series had engaged 500 local vendors and small businesses for various stages of development and had required over 14,000 production-related hires. In October 2018, Netflix canceled Iron Fist after two seasons, with Deadline Hollywood reporting that Disney was considering reviving the series on its streaming service Disney+.

Saran dos confirmed that the series were Netflix's to renew or cancel if they wished, and the company was “super happy with performance so far”. Despite this, Luke Cage was canceled by the streamer a week after Iron Fist was.

Deadline Hollywood reported there were no plans to revive the series on Disney+ as with Iron Fist. Shortly after, at the end of November 2018, Netflix canceled Daredevil after three seasons, with Deadline Hollywood again reporting there was the potential for the series to be revived on Disney+.

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Conversely, The Hollywood Reporter felt it was unlikely the series would be revived on Disney+ and noted the two other remaining series at the time (Jessica Jones and The Punisher) would remain on Netflix “until they run their course”. Variety added that, per the original deal between Marvel and Netflix for the series, the characters cannot appear in any non-Netflix series or films for at least two years following their cancellation.

Kevin A. Mayer, chairman of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International, noted that, while it had not yet been discussed, it was a possibility that Disney+ could revive the canceled Netflix series. Netflix canceled both Jessica Jones and The Punisher in February 2019, after three seasons and two seasons, respectively.

In January 2021, Face said “never say never” to potentially reviving the series, but noted Marvel Studios was focused on their new Disney+ series announced at that time. Hulu In August 2016, Marvel announced that Runaways had received a pilot order from Hulu, eventually receiving a 10 episode order the following May.

That July, Lobe confirmed the series would take place in the MCU saying, “It all lives in the same world, how it's connected and where it's connected and what it's going to be connected to remains to be seen.” He added that the characters would not be concerned with the actions of others in the universe, instead focusing on their own issues.

In September 2019, it was announced that Ghost Rider would not be going forward, due to creative differences, while Runaways was canceled that November ahead of its third season. When Marvel Television was folded into Marvel Studios in December, the studio said that production on Maelstrom would be completed, but no further series would be developed.

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Cable In April 2016, the ABC-owned cable network Free form announced Cloak & Dagger, based on the characters of the same name, with a straight-to-series order for 2018. The network confirmed that the series would be “its first venture into the Marvel Cinematic Universe “, and described the show as a “superhero love story”, a premise that Variety called “a seamless fit for Free form” given the network's target audience of “Becomes” (the 14–34 age demographic).

This younger-skewing content was continued with the comedy series New Warriors ordered in April 2017, with Free form executive Kara Burke saying, Marvel “started to see our strength with young adults and together we could create a pipeline for content that was specific to our audience that felt younger than what they're doing at the other channels... It was important to both of us to find the right characters that felt like they would speak directly to Free form's audience.

Lobe noted that it was “exciting” to Marvel “to be able to explore the world of the hero and how it affects someone who is trying to figure out who they are as opposed to already knows who they are and now their whole life has to take a left. That's the journey we're going on with these kinds of characters” in Cloak & Dagger, New Warriors and Hulu's Runaways.

By November 2017, New Warriors was no longer set to air on Free form and was being shopped to other networks, and was reported to be canceled in September 2019 after it failed to find a new broadcaster, while Cloak and Dagger was canceled the following month. Crossovers to feature films After Lobe we'll run it through New York, Joe Nevada, Dan Buckley, and those guys.

Executive producer Jeffrey Bell revealed at the show's 2014 Palaces panel that the producers and writers are able to read the screenplays for upcoming MCU films to know where the universe is heading. He noted that since the films have to be “big” and move “quickly through a lot of huge pieces”, it is beneficial for the films to have the television series fill in any “gaps” for them.

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His fellow executive producer Jed When explained that each Marvel project is intended to stand-alone first before there is any interweaving, and noted that the series has to be aware of the film division's plans so as not to interfere when introducing someone or something to the universe. Bell said this was preferable so that people who do not watch the films can still follow the series, and vice versa.

Joss When noted that this process “unfortunately just means the TV show gets, you know, leftovers”. He stated that, for example, the series' creative team initially wanted to use Loki's scepter from The Avengers but were unable due to his plans for it in Avengers: Age of Patron (2015).

In April 2014, Nevada stated that, beyond connecting to themselves, the Netflix series would connect with the films and other television series. In October 2014, Face said the opportunity “certainly” existed for characters in the Netflix series to appear in Avengers: Infinity War (2018).

In March 2015, Lobe spoke on the ability for the Netflix series to crossover with the films and the ABC series, saying, “As it is now, in the same way that our films started out as self-contained and then by the time we got to The Avengers, it became more practical for Captain America to do a little crossover into and for Bruce Banner to appear at the end of Iron Man 3. The audience needs to understand who all of these characters are and what the world is before you then start co-mingling”.

In September 2015, Face elaborated on the films referencing the television series, saying “I think that's inevitable at some point ... The schedules do not always quite match up to make that possible.

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They're more nimble and faster and produce things quicker than we do, which is one of the main reasons you see the repercussions of Winter Soldier or in the show ... by the time we start doing a movie, they'd be mid-way through a season. By the time our movie comes out, they'd be .

Lobe talked further on the subject in July 2016, reiterating the issue of scheduling by saying “if I'm shooting a television series and that's going to go on over a six-month or eight-month period, how am I going to get to be able to go be in a movie?” He noted that this would not be as much of an issue if characters were making very minor cameo appearances, but explained that Marvel was not interested in cameos and Easter eggs just for the sake of fan service, which could detract from the story being told; “As I often get reported by you folks for saying #ItsAllConnected, our feeling is that the connection isn't just whether somebody is walking into a movie or walking out of a television show.

In January 2017, Vincent D'Ontario, who portrays Wilson Fisk in Daredevil, said he “would love to switch over to the movies, but I think it's pretty much been said it's not going to happen. D'Ontario cited Face's previous reasoning as well as the fact that the films already had difficulty “bringing big characters in that they have to service in the writing” and adding characters from the television series would be “just too many characters” since the films were “trying to figure out already how to individualize more and at the same time keep The Avengers going”.

In March 2017, Anthony Mackie, who portrays Sam Wilson / Falcon in the films, felt a crossover between the films and television series “wouldn't work at all” given they are “different universes, different worlds, different companies, different designs” and that “Kevin Face is very specific about how he wants the MarvelUniverse to be seen in the film world.” That May, Face noted that a character appearing in a television series would not necessarily exclude them from appearing in a film, adding that “at some point, there's going to be a crossover.

Regarding the potential for the Avengers to learn in the films that Phil Colson is alive, Lobe stated, “It's certainly something that will get resolved, and it may get resolved in a very surprising way.” Lobe said in July 2017 that Marvel Television had no plans for series to crossover across networks.

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Specifically for the similarly themed Cloak & Dagger, New Warriors, and Runaways, which all deal with young heroes, Lobe noted, “You'll see things that comment on each other; we try to touch base wherever we can... things that are happening in L.A. are not exactly going to be affecting what's happening in New Orleans ... He added in October that scheduling of each series factors into why crossovers between them are more difficult to pull off, and that network “feelings” need to be considered.

He also spoke on why the television series do not show Avengers Tower as it appears in the films when they depict New York City, and stated that Marvel Television wanted to be “less specific” about the television characters' relationships to the tower because that “helps the audience understand that this could be on any street corner” and that the characters could be in an area of the city where you would not be able to see the tower, even though it exists. In June 2018, speaking to how the MCU television series would be affected by the events of Avengers: Infinity War, Lobe noted that “For the most part our stories will take place before Thanos clicked his fingers.

A lot of that has to do with production and when we are telling our stories versus when the movies come out.” In September 2018, with the report of Marvel Studios developing limited series for Disney's streaming service Disney+, it was expected that the actors that portrayed the characters in the films would portray them again for the limited series.

In March 2019, Face said the series would take characters from the films, change them, and see those changes reflected in future films; new characters introduced in the series will cross over to the films. In April 2019, actor James D'Army appeared in Avengers: Endgame, reprising his role of Edwin Jarvis from the television series Agent Carter.

This marked the first time a character introduced in an MCU television series appears in an MCU film. Speaking to how the Marvel Television series fit within the larger MCU timeline, Lobe noted, “We don't want to ever do something in our show which contradicts what's happening in the movies.

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(Source: comicsalliance.com)

The Robson Corporation, which had been featured in the Iron Man films, is referenced in multiple Marvel Television series, with Adam Bernhardt of Comicbook.com calling it “the go-to Easter egg for most shows involved in the Marvel Television sphere”. Disney+ By November 2017, Disney was looking to develop a new Marvel television series for their streaming service Disney+.

In July 2018, Face noted discussions had begun with Disney regarding any potential involvement Marvel Studios could have with the streaming service, since Face felt the service was “an important thing for the company”. In September 2018, it was reported that Marvel Studios was developing several limited series centered on “second-tier” characters from the MCU films who had not and were unlikely to star in their own films.

, and Hawkeye, as part of the Phase Four slate at San Diego Comic-Con. Three additional Disney+ series for the phase, Ms. Marvel, Moon Knight, and She-Hulk, were announced at D23 the following month.

The series budgets are reportedly $100–150 million each. In September 2020, a series centered on Nick Fury was announced to be in development for Disney+, which would become Secret Invasion.

In December 2020, Iron heart and Armor Wars were announced, in addition to The Guardians of the Galaxy Holiday Special. Nevada outlined his plan to expand the MCU into comic books, saying, “The MCU are going to be stories set within movie continuity.

not necessarily direct adaptations of the movies, but maybe something that happened off-screen and was mentioned in the movie ... Kevin Face is involved with these and in some cases maybe the writers of the movies would be involved ” Marvel Comics worked with Brad Winderbaum, Jeremy Latham, and Will Corona Pilgrim at Marvel Studios to decide which concepts should be carried over from the Marvel Comics Universe to the Marvel Cinematic Universe, what to show in the tie-in comics, and what to leave for the films.

Marvel has clarified which of the tie-in comics are considered canonical MCU stories, with the rest merely inspired by the MCU, “where we get to show off all the characters from the film in costume and in comic form”. In August 2011, Marvel announced a series of direct-to-videoshort films called Marvel One-Shots, the name derived from the label used by Marvel Comics for their one-shot comics.

Co-producer Brad Winderbaum said, “It's a fun way to experiment with new characters and ideas, but more importantly it's a way for us to expand the Marvel Cinematic Universe and tell stories that live outside the plot of our features.” Each short film is designed to be a self-contained story that provides more backstory for characters or events introduced in the films.

In March 2015, Marvel's Vice President of Animation Development and Production, Cost Lane, stated that animated tie-ins to the MCU were “in the works”. That July, Marvel Studios partnered with Google to produce the faux news program WHICH News front with Christine Ever hart, a series of in- universe YouTube videos serving as the center of a viral marketing campaign to promote the films and universe.

In December 2016, a six- part web series, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Slingshot, was revealed, which debuted on ABC.com on December 13, 2016.

It follows Elena “Yo-Yo” Rodriguez on a secret mission, shortly before the start of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. 'S fourth season, with Natalia Cordova-Buckley reprising her role.

In September 2019, Sony created a real version of the fictional TheDailyBugle.net website as part of a viral marketing campaign to promote the home media release of Spider-Man: Far From Home. Inspired by real-world “conspiracy-pushing” websites such as that of Alex Jones, the website features J. K. Simmons reprising his role as J. Jonah Jameson in a video where he speaks out against Spider-Man before adding “Thanks for watching.

In December 2020, Marvel Studios announced I Am Groot, a series of shorts starring Baby Groot for Disney+, as well as Marvel Studios: Legends. Joss When was a large contributor to Phase Two, offering creative insight to all its films and launching the first MCU television series, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

, while writing and directing Avengers: Age of Patron. Marvel Studios developed specific business practices creating its shared universe, including choosing filmmakers that were considered “out-of-left-field”, given their previous work.

Face remarked, “You don't have to have directed a big, giant visual-effects movie to do a big, giant visual-effects movie for us. You just have to have done something singularly sort of awesome,” adding “It's worked out well for us when we've taken people that have done very, very good things.

Very are rarely one of those good things a big giant blockbuster superhero movie.” The studio looks for filmmakers to hire who are able to guide a film.

When hiring directors, the studio usually has “a kernel of an idea of what we want”, which is presented to potential directors over the course of several meetings to discuss and further expand. “And if over the course of three or four or five meetings they make it way better than what we initially were spewing to them, they usually get the job”, according to Face.

Later expanding on this process, Face explained that before talking to any directors on a film, Marvel Studios often puts together a “cookbook” of influences from the comics and art by Marvel's visual development department, to create a visual template for the film. These are put together at company retreats, which the studio holds every “18 months or so” to plan out and develop the phases of the MCU.

These cookbooks are not always shown to directors, though, with Marvel sometimes preferring to let the director offer their own ideas first. Scott Derrick son did not see a cookbook for Doctor Strange, instead putting together his own presentation, with concept art and storyboards by himself and professionals he hired, to sell himself and his vision of the film to Marvel.

In contrast, Marvel shared several ideas for what Thor: Ragnarök could be with prospective filmmakers, who then went away and developed what they thought the film should be from that. Taiga Waiting created a sizzle reel using clips from other films to present his vision based on Marvel's ideas, a practice that Marvel discourages as they “oftentimes can be really terrible”.

For Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Joe and Anthony Russo met with the studio four times over two months before they were hired, during which they “kept getting more and more specific about what our vision was”, putting together “reference videos, storyboards, script pages, you name it. We did like a 30-page book that had everything that we'd do with the character, from the theme of the movie to the tone of the film to the fighting style to what we liked about the character and what we didn't like”.

This meant that by the time they were hired they had already “figured the movie out”. When the studio hired Kenneth Branch and Joe Johnston to direct Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger, respectively, it made sure both directors were open to the idea of a shared universe and including Avengers set-up scenes in their films.

Joe Russo stated, “That's the exciting component of . You're constantly pitching out ideas that not only affect your movie, but may have a ripple effect that affects other films ...

It's a weird sort of tapestry of writers and directors working together to create this universe that's sort of organic.” Anthony added, “The great thing about the Marvel , just like the publishing , it's a very vast, inter-connected universe, where characters will have their rise and fall, so to speak, and hand off to other characters.

As the cinematic universe moves forward, you may start to see the cinematic universe adopt that same pattern, as the publishing has, where there's closure with some characters and new beginnings with other characters.” He added that, for directors to “fit” in at Marvel, they must understand how to “take a larger story and wrangle it into a moment”, yet keep it connected.

The most simple way I could put it is Marvel doesn't come to the filmmakers and say, “Here's what the next movie is.” On allowing directors and writers to work within Marvel's shared universe concept, Joe Russo said that Face has “big pieces that he knows he wants to build towards, but the way that you get there is open to interpretation and improve a little”.

Joe later elaborated that once each film's creative team “come up with conceptually what we want to do” for a film, then we will ask questions about whether this would interfere with a storyline in another movie. That's where you start looking for the interconnectedness, but it's very important early on that the concept be created in a bubble because you have to protect the idea, it has to be driven by storytelling.

Kevin's ... always in the mindset of “let's just make this movie now and worry about the next movie when it comes.” Lobe explained that Marvel Television sees “ourselves as producers who are working to support the vision of our showrunner.

The thing about Marvel is ... they're looking for artists that are willing to take chances and are willing to create characters, even if that character has been around for years and years in comic books. Marvel Studios also began contracting their actors for multiple films, including signing actor Samuel L. Jackson to a then “unprecedented” nine-movie contract.

In July 2014, Face said that the studio has all actors sign contracts for multiples films, with the norm being for 3 or more, and the 9 or 12 film deals “more rare”. Actor's contracts also feature clauses that allows Marvel to use up to three minutes of an actor's performance from one film for another, which Marvel describes as “bridging material”.

At Marvel Television, actors such as Charlie Cox (Matt Murdock / Daredevil in Daredevil) and Adrianne Panicky (Bobbi Morse / Mockingbird in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.) Are contractually obliged to appear in a Marvel film if asked.

In May 2015, after starring as Claire Temple in the first season of Daredevil, Rosario Dawson signed with Marvel to return for the second season of the series as part of an “exclusive TV deal” that also allows her to appear in any other Marvel Netflix series. Dawson's character has been featured as well in all the other Netflix shows, except The Punisher, linking them together similarly to Jackson's Nick Fury in the films.

Dawson explained that she signs on with Marvel for a year at a time, for a certain number of episodes, and finds out which series the episodes are for closer to the time of filming. In August 2012, Marvel signed Joss When to an exclusive contract through June 2015 for film and television.

With the deal, When would “contribute creatively” on Phase Two of the MCU and develop the first television series set in the universe. In March 2013, When expanded on his consulting responsibilities, saying, “I understand what Kevin is going for and where he's heading, and I read the scripts and watch cuts and talk to the directors and writers and give my opinion.

Similarly, when developing the crossover miniseries The Defenders, showrunner Marco Ramirez consulted with the creators of all the individual Marvel Netflix series, having them read each of the scripts for The Defenders and provide insight into the individual character's world. In April 2017, along with his announcement that he was returning to write and direct Guardians of the Galaxy Vol.

3 (2023), James Gun revealed he would be working with Marvel “to help design where these stories go, and make sure the future of the Marvel Cosmic Universe is as special and authentic and magical as what we have created so far”. However, in July 2018, Disney and Marvel severed ties with Gun following controversy surrounding several old jokes Gun had made.

By that October, Disney and Marvel Studios reversed course and rehired Gun as director of the film, which was announced in March 2019. By December 2020, because of the impact COVID-19 had on theaters and film studios shifting away from theatrical releases, Marvel Studios began exploring updated contracts for actors, writers, directors, and producers to received adjusted compensation in the event a film had to debut on Disney+ instead of in theaters.

TheW rap reported it was believed the new contracts would only apply to films about to enter production, and was unclear if any adjustments would be made to contracts for films already completed but not yet released. The first three phases are collectively known as “The Infinity Saga”.

A version of the first two episodes debuted in IMAX theaters on September 1, 2017, and ran for two weeks, before their television premiere on ABC on September 29. Production of Maelstrom was moved to Marvel Studios following the shut down of Marvel Television, with executives from Marvel Television staying on to supervise the completion of the series.

In December 2020, I Am Groot, a series of short films starring Baby Groot, was announced for Disney+. WHICH News front is an in- universe current affairs show that serves as a viral marketing campaign for some MCU films.

The campaign is an extension of the fictional news network WHICH World News, which is seen reporting on major events in many MCU films and television series. The Wakanda Files: A Technological Exploration of the Avengers and Beyond is “a collection of papers, articles, blueprints, and notes amassed throughout history by Wakanda's War Dogs” at the request of Shari.

It is organized by areas of study, and covers the technological advancements throughout the Marvel Cinematic Universe. The book, which exists in- universe, was written by Troy Benjamin and published by Epic Ink and Quarto Publishing Group.

The Wakanda Files has content printed with UV ink that can be viewed with Kimono bead–shaped UV lights included with the book. This section includes characters who will appear or have appeared in multiple MCU media.

A dark gray cell indicates the character was not in the media, or that the character's presence has not yet been confirmed. A C indicates an credited cameo role.

A P indicates an appearance in onscreen photographs. ^ Characters in this section are those that appear in or have their voices present in non-canon material for animated television series, short films, and theme park attractions.

Additionally, Paul Bethany was the first actor to portray two main characters within the universe, voicing Tony Stark's artificial intelligence. A.R.V.I.S. In the Iron Man and Avengers films, and portraying Vision in Avengers films and Captain America: Civil War.

Prior to his death in 2018, Stan Lee, creator or co-creator of many of the characters seen in the MCU, made cameo appearances in except Inhuman. In Iron Fist, it is revealed his on-set photograph cameo in the Marvel Netflix series is as NYPD Captain Irving For bush.

His cameo in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 sees Lee appearing as an informant to the Watchers, discussing previous adventures that include Lee's cameos in other MCU films; he specifically mentions his time as a FedEx delivery man, referring to Lee's cameo in Captain America: Civil War.

KOF Outlaw of Screen Rant stated that while The Avengers was a success, Marvel Studios still has room to improve their approach to building a shared movie universe “. Some reviewers criticized the fact that the desire to create a shared universe led to films that did not hold as well on their own.

In his review of Thor: The Dark World, Forbes critic Scott Mendel son likened the MCU to “a glorified television series”, with The Dark World being a “'stand-alone' episode that contains little long-range mythology”. Collider's Matt Goldberg considered that while Iron Man 2, Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger were quality productions, “they have never really been their own movies”, feeling that the plot detours to S.H.I.E.L.D.

She noted that this format was an extension of early “TV-like” film franchises such as Star Wars, as well as the format of the comics upon which the films are based. “I say all of this not to suggest that film franchises resembling TV series is necessarily a good trend”, VanDerWerff concluded, “For as much as I generally enjoy the Marvel movies, I'm disheartened by the possibility that their particular form might take over the film industry ...

Following the conclusion of season one of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. , Mary McNamara at the Los Angeles Times praised the connections between that series and the films, stating that “never before has television been literally married to film, charged with filling in the backstory and creating the connective tissue of an ongoing film franchise ...

Terri Schwartz of Zap2it agreed with this sentiment, stating that “the fact that so influenced the show is game-changing in terms of how the mediums of film and television can be interwoven”, though “the fault there seems to be that Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Had to bide time until The Winter Soldier's release”, which led to much criticism.

In January 2015, Michael Moran of ENSAAMA and Game McMillan of The Hollywood Reporter had a “point-counterpoint” debate in response to the first Ant-Man trailer. Moran stated, Marvel has raised the bar soon high that as opposed to just allowing another film to finish under the bar, we're all overly and perhaps even eager to overreact to the first thing that doesn't clear it”.

It's hardly a secret that Marvel Studios has a bit of a problem when it comes to offering up exciting characters for their heroes to fight against ... villains generally fall into one of two camps. There's the Unstoppable Monster ... or there's the Professional White Guy In A Suit With An Ego ... No matter which of the groups the above villains fall into, they share one common purpose: evil.

In future movies, we can only hope treated in such a way that their freak flags are allowed to fly free. Following the release of Jessica Jones, David Priest at CNET wrote about how the series rescues Marvel from itself ... Jessica Jones takes big steps forward in terms of theme, craft and diversity.

For Paul Tass and Erik Main of Forbes, watching the series made them question the MCU, with Main feeling that the “morally complex, violent, dark world of Jessica Jones has no place in the MCU ... right now, the MCU is holding back shows like Jessica Jones and Daredevil, while those shows are contributing absolutely nothing to the MCU.” Tass went so far as to wonder what “the point of the Marvel Cinematic Universe is, lamenting the lack of major crossovers in the franchise since the Winter Soldier reveal on Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

, and saying that Jessica Jones is “so far removed from the world of The Avengers, it might as well not be in the same universe at all ... really don't understand the point of if they're going to keep everything within it separated off in these little boxes”. Conversely, Eric Francisco of Inverse called Jessica Jones's lack of overt connections to the MCU “the show's chief advantage.

Besides demonstrating how physically wide open the MCU's scope really is, Jessica Jones also proves the MCU's thematic durability.” In April 2016, Marvel Studios revealed that Alfred Woodard would appear in Captain America: Civil War, having already been cast as Mariah Dillard in Luke Cage the previous year.

This “raised hopes that Marvel could be uniting its film and Netflix universes”, with “one of the first and strongest connections” between the two. However, Civil War writers Christopher Markus and Stephen McMeel revealed that Woodard would instead be portraying Miriam Sharpe in the film, explaining that she had been cast on the suggestion of Robert Downey, Jr., and they had not learned of her casting in Luke Cage until afterwards.

This was not the first instance of actors being cast in multiple roles in the MCU, but this casting was called more “significant”, and seen by many as a “disappointing” indication of “the growing divide” and “lack of more satisfying cooperation” between Marvel Studios and Marvel Television following the September 2015 corporate reshuffling of Marvel Entertainment. Speaking to the 1990s setting of Captain Marvel, “the MCU's first full period piece since Phase One's Captain America: The First Avenger in 2011”, Richard Newly of The Hollywood Reporter felt the return of younger versions of some characters introduced and killed in earlier films “open up the MCU in a whole new way and broaden the franchise's mantra of 'it's all connected'”.

Speaking specifically to Clark Gregg's appearance as Agent Phil Colson in the film, Newly noted the appearance “doesn't exactly mend fences between Marvel's film and TV divisions, it does strengthen the connective tissue and the sense that these characters still matter in the grand scheme of Marvel's film plans”. Would be maintained in Captain Marvel, especially since Colson has dealt with the Free in the series.

Newly also added that shifting to different time periods would help Marvel Studios “sustain this cinematic universe for the next 10 years” by allowing them to repeat some genres previously used, as they could then feel “fresh” and have “different rules and different restraints,” as well as allow them to build upon material established in the television series such as Agent Carter. Marvel Studios has an entire sandbox to play in, but, for necessary reasons, has largely chosen to remain in a small corner in order to ground audiences in these concepts.

Now that the basis has been laid, the opportunity for exploration in both film and television lies ahead, with Captain Marvel leading the way. Wherever Marvel Studios plans to take the MCU in the future, it's refreshing to know that its past is expansive and filled with infinite possibilities.

In October 2019, filmmaker Martin Scorsese openly criticized Marvel films in an interview and during a David Lean lecture in London, later expanded in an op-ed in The New York Times, saying these films are not cinema, but are instead the equivalent of theme park rides that lack “mystery, revelation or genuine emotional danger”. He also stated that such films are corporation products that have been “market-researched, audience-tested, vetted, modified, reverted and remodified until they're ready for consumption”, and that the invasion of such “theme park” films in theaters crowded out films by other directors.

It applies to all the arts, to literature, the performing arts, painting and music, in all its form. It's such a broad spectrum, a wide range and to say that anyone is more significant or more important than the other, is missing the point.

It's one big mosaic and each bit of work fits into it. After the release of The Avengers in May 2012, Tom Russo of Boston.com noted that aside from the occasional “novelty” such as Alien vs.

Predator (2004), the idea of a shared universe was virtually unheard of in Hollywood. Since that time, the shared universe model created by Marvel Studios has begun to be replicated by other film studios that held rights to other comic book characters.

In April 2014, Tuna Am obi, a media analyst for Standard & Poor's Equity Research Services, stated that in the previous three to five years, Hollywood studios began planning “mega franchises” for years to come, opposed to working one blockbuster at a time. Am obi added, “A lot of these superhero characters were just being left there to gather dust.

In March 2018, Patrick Shanley of The Hollywood Reporter opined that “the key differences between a regular franchise, such as The Fast and the Furious or Pitch Perfect films, and a shared universe is the amount of planning and interweaving that goes into each individual film. It's all too easy to make a film that exists solely for the purpose of setting up future installments and expanding a world, rather than a film that stands on its own merits while deftly hinting or winking at its place in the larger mythos.

DC Entertainment and Warner Bros. Pictures In October 2012, following its legal victory over Joe Shuster's estate for the rights to Superman, Warner Bros. Pictures announced that it planned to move ahead with its long-awaited Justice League film, uniting such DC Comics superheroes as Batman, Superman, and Wonder Woman. The company was expected to take the opposite approach to Marvel, releasing individual films for the characters after they have appeared in a team-up film.

The release of Man of Steel in 2013 was intended to be the start of a new shared universe for DC, “laying the groundwork for the future slate of films based on DC Comics”. In 2014, Warner Bros. announced that slate of films, similarly to Disney and Marvel claiming dates for films years in advance.

That year, DC CCO Geoff Johns stated that the television series Arrow and The Flash were set in a separate universe from the new film one, later clarifying that “We look at it as the multiverse. For us, creatively, it's about allowing everyone to make the best possible product, to tell the best story, to do the best world.

Discussing the apparent failure of the cinematic universe's first team-up film, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, to establish a successful equivalent to the MCU, Emily VanDerWerff noted that where the MCU has a television-like “showrunner” in Face, “the visionary behind Marvel's entire slate”, the DCE has director Zack Snyder, whose DC films “seemingly start from the assumption that people have come not to see an individual story but a long series of teases for other ones. It's like he knows what he needs to do but can't focus on the task at hand.

TV certainly isn't immune to that problem, but shows that get caught up in high-concept premises and big-picture thinking before doing the necessary legwork to establish characters and their relationships tend to be canceled.” Subsequently, in May 2016, Warner Bros. gave oversight of the DCE to Johns and executive Jon Berg in an attempt to “unify the disparate elements of the DC movies” and emulate Marvel's success.

Additionally, DC began focusing on films “completely separate from everything else, set entirely outside the” DCE as part of a new label, with the first film centered on the Joker. 20th Century Fox In November 2012, 20th Century Fox announced plans to create their own shared universe, consisting of Marvel properties that it holds the rights to including The Fantastic Four and X-Men, with the hiring of Mark Miller as supervising producer.

And The Fantastic Four acquire powers, so for them to live in a world where mutants are prevalent is kind of complicated, because you're like, 'Oh, you're just a mutant.' In July 2015, X-Men director Bryan Singer said that there was still potential for a crossover between the X-Men and Fantastic Four franchises, if reaction to Fantastic Four and X-Men : Apocalypse warranted it.

Sony Pictures In November 2013, Sony Pictures Entertainment Co-Chairman Amy Pascal announced that the studio intended to expand their universe created within the Marc Webb Amazing Spider-Man series, with spin-off adventures for supporting characters, in an attempt to replicate Marvel and Disney's model. The next month, Sony announced Venom and Sinister Six films, both set in the Amazing Spider-Man universe.

With this announcement, IGN stated that the spin-offs are “the latest example of what we can refer to as “the Avengers effect” in Hollywood, as studios work to build interlocking movie universes.” Sony chose not to replicate the Marvel Studios model of introducing individual characters first before bringing them together in a team-up film, instead making the Spider-Man adversaries the stars of future films.

However, in February 2015, Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios announced that the Spider-Man franchise would be retooled, with a new film co-produced by Face and Pascal being released in July 2017, and the character being integrated into the MCU. Sony Pictures would continue to finance, distribute, own, and have final creative control of the Spider-Man films.

With this announcement, sequels to The Amazing Spider-Man 2 were canceled, and by November 2015 the Venom and Sinister Six films, as well as spin-offs based on female characters in the Spider-Man universe, were no longer moving forward. By March 2016, the Venom film had itself been retooled, to start its own franchise unrelated to the MCU Spider-Man.

A year later, Sony officially announced the Venom film to be in development, for an October 5, 2018, release, along with a film centered on the characters Silver Sable and Black Cat known as Silver & Black. Both projects were not intended to be a part of the MCU nor spin-offs to Spider-Man: Homecoming, but rather part of an intended separate shared universe known as the Sony Pictures Universe of Marvel Characters.

After Sony canceled their shared universe plans and started sharing the Spider-Man character with Marvel Studios, multiple critics discussed their failure at replicating the MCU. Scott Mellow of The Week noted the perceived flaws of the first Amazing Spider-Man film, outside its lead performances, and how the sequel “doubles down on all the missteps of the original while adding a few of its own.

… We now have a textbook example of how not to reboot a superhero franchise, and if Sony and Marvel are wise, they'll take virtually all those lessons to heart as they chart Spider-Man's next course.” Scott Mendel son noted that The Amazing Spider-Man 2 “was sold as less a sequel to The Amazing Spider-Man than a backdoor pilot for Spider-Man vs. the Sinister Six.

This would have saved Sony “a boatload of money”, and potentially reversed the film's relative financial failure. In September 2014, the University of Baltimore announced a course beginning in the 2015 spring semester revolving around the Marvel Cinematic Universe, to be taught by Arnold T. Lumber.

“Media Genres: Media Marvels” examines “how Marvel's series of interconnected films and television shows, plus related media and comic book sources and Joseph Campbell's monomyth of the 'hero's journey', offer important insights into modern culture” as well as Marvel's efforts “to establish a viable universe of plot lines, characters, and backstories.” After the acquisition by Disney in 2009, Marvel films began to be marketed at the Innovations attraction in Tomorrowland at Disneyland.

For Iron Man 3, the exhibit, entitled “Iron Man Tech Presented by Stark Industries”, features the same armor display that was shown at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con, with the Marks I-VII and the new Mark CLII. In addition, there is a simulator game, titled “Become Iron Man”, that uses Kine ct -like technology to allow the viewer to be encased in an animated Mark CLII armor and take part in a series of “tests,” in which you fire repulsed rays and fly through Tony Stark's workshop.

The game is guided by J.A.R.V.I.S., who is voiced again by Paul Bethany. The exhibit also has smaller displays that include helmets and chest pieces from the earlier films and the gauntlet and boot from an action sequence in Iron Man 3.

The exhibit for Thor: The Dark World is called “Thor: Treasures of Asgard”, and features displays of Agrarian relics and transports guests to Odin's throne room, where they are greeted by Thor. Captain America: The Winter Soldier's exhibit, “Captain America: The Living Legend and Symbol of Courage”, features a meet and greet experience.

Marvel related food and merchandise was also available throughout Hollywood Land at Disney California Adventure during the “Summer of Heroes”. Hong Kong Disneyland In October 2013, the Iron Man Experience attraction was announced for Hong Kong Disneyland.

It is set in the Tomorrowland section of the park, with the area built to look like a new Stark Expo created by Tony Stark after the 2010 one, as seen in Iron Man 2, with various exhibit halls that include the Mark III armor from the films. The area also has Iron Man and Marvel -themed merchandise items and memorabilia, plus an interactive game where guests can have the chance to try on Iron Man's armor.

Iron Man Experience sees guests assist Iron Man in defeating Hydra throughout Hong Kong, and opened on January 11, 2017. In March 2018, The Walt Disney Company announced a new Marvel -themed area inspired by the MCU to Hong Kong Disneyland and a new attraction where guests team up with Ant-Man and the Wasp, to join Iron Man Experience.

Chris Pratt, Zoe Santana, Dave Bautista and Benicia Del Too all filmed exclusive footage for the attraction, reprising their roles as Peter Quill / Star-Lord, Zamora, Draw and Takeover Ivan / The Collector, respectively. James Gun, director of Guardians of the Galaxy and its sequel, directed footage for the attraction and consulted on all aspects of it.

Tom Holland will reprise his role as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in the attraction Web Singers: A Spider-Man Adventure, in which Parker has set up W.E.B. (the Worldwide Engineers Brigade) to inspire a new generation to use technology to save the world.

Riders are recruited by Spider-Man into the initiative to stop his malfunctioning Spider-Bots. Walt Disney Studios Park In March 2018, The Walt Disney Company announced a new Marvel -themed area inspired by the MCU to Disneyland Paris Walt Disney Studios Park.

The area will include a reimagined attraction where riders will team up with Iron Man and other Avengers on a “hyper-kinetic adventure” in 2020. The park also hosted the “Summer of superheroes” live-action stage show from June–September 2018.

(Scientific Training and Tactical Intelligence Operative Network) exhibit opened at the Discovery Times Square center. The exhibit features replica set pieces, as well as actual props from the films, mixed with interactive technology and information, crafted through a partnership with NASA and other scientists.

Titus Deliver also provides a “debrief” to visitors, reprising his role as S.H.I.E.L.D. Created by Victory Hill Exhibits, Avengers S.T.A.T.I.O.N.

Cost $7.5 million to create, and ran through early September 2015. The exhibit also opened in South Korea at the War Memorial of Korea in April 2015, in Paris, France, at Esplanade de La Defense a year later, and in Las Vegas at the Treasure Island Hotel and Casino in June 2016.

The Las Vegas version of the exhibit featured updated character details and corresponding science to incorporate the Marvel films that have released since the original exhibit in New York. Additionally, the Las Vegas version features Cobain Smolders reprising her role as Maria Hill to “debrief” visitors, replacing Deliver.

COMA exhibit An art exhibit, titled Marvel : Creating the Cinematic Universe, was displayed exclusively at the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art (COMA) from May to September 2017. The exhibit, which included “300 plus objects, films, costumes, drawings and other ephemera”, featured content “from the collection of Marvel Studios and Marvel Entertainment and private collections” with “significant focus to the creative artists who translate the drawn narrative to the screen through production design and story boarding, costume and prop design, and special effects and post-production”.

Marvel : Creating the Cinematic Universe was also extended to COMA's Australian Cinémathèque with a retrospective of the MCU films. Avengers: Damage Control In October 2019, Marvel Studios and ILMxLAB announced the virtual reality experience Avengers: Damage Control.

The experience would be available for a limited time starting in mid-October 2019 at select Void VR locations. Avengers: Damage Control sees players taking control of one of Shari's Emergency Response Suits–which combine Wakanda and Stark Industries technologies–to defeat a threat alongside Doctor Strange, Ant-Man, and the Wasp.

Letitia Wright, Benedict Cumberbatch, Paul Rudd, and Evangeline Lilly all reprise their MCU roles. Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe (2014) On March 18, 2014, ABC aired a one-hour television special titled Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe, which documented the history of Marvel Studios and the development of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and included exclusive interviews and behind-the-scenes footage from all the films, One-Shots and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

, and sneak peeks of Avengers: Age of Patron, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, unarmed episodes of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Brian Lowry of Variety felt the special, “contains a pretty interesting business and creative story.

, which was hosted by Emily Encamp, who portrays Agent 13 in Captain America: The Winter Soldier, and aired on November 4, 2014. The special features behind the scenes' footage from Avengers: Age of Patron and Ant-Man, as well as footage from the Agent Carter television series previously screened at New York Comic-Con.

Marvel Studios: Expanding the Universe (2019) In November 2019, Disney+ announced that the streaming platform would include Expanding the Universe, a special that features a look at the original MCU TV series for Disney+, with interviews and concept art. Bidibidi New Year's Gala (2020) A Marvel -themed orchestra performance of an extended version of Brian Tyler's Marvel Studios theme and Alan Silvestri's theme from The Avengers took place during China's Bidibidi New Year's Gala on December 31, 2020, to promote the 2021 Marvel Studios film releases.

Marvel Studios: Legends (2021) Announced in December 2020, this series examines individual heroes, villains, and moments from the Marvel Cinematic Universe and how they connect, in anticipation of the upcoming stories that will feature them in Phase Four. The series premiered on Disney+ on January 8, 2021, with the release of the first two episodes.

In September 2015, Marvel announced the Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe, named as a nod to the Official Handbook of the MarvelUniverse. Each guidebook is compiled by Mike O'Sullivan and the Official Handbook of the MarvelUniverse team, with cover art from Mike del Munro and Pascal Champion, and features facts about the MCU films, film-to-comic comparisons, and production stills.

Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe : Marvel's Iron Man, Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe : Marvel's Incredible Hulk / Marvel's Iron Man 2, Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe : Marvel's Thor, and Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe : Marvel's Captain America: The First Avenger released each month from October 2015 to January 2016, respectively. In November 2018, Marvel and Titan Publishing Group released Marvel Studios: The First Ten Years to celebrate the first ten years of the Marvel Cinematic Universe which featured cast interviews, in-depth sections on each film, and an Easter egg guide.

In October 2021, a two-volume book The Story of Marvel Studios: The Making of the Marvel Cinematic Universe will be released, written by Tara Bennett and Paul Terry. This collection will feature a look at the evolution of Marvel Studios, personal stories from the 23-film “Infinity Saga”, and interviews with cast and crew members.

In February 2016, a commercial for Coca-Cola mini cans aired during Super Bowl 50. A Mini Marvel was created by Widen+Kennedy for Coca-Cola through a partnership with Marvel, and was directed by the Russo brothers.

In the ad, Ant-Man (voiced by Paul Rudd, reprising his role) and the Hulk first fight, and then bond, over a Coke mini can. Lima Pictures provided visual effects for the spot, having worked previously with the two characters in MCU films.

Consumers had the opportunity to purchase the cans by finding hidden clues in the commercial, though “if the program goes well, Coke will consider making the cans available in stores.” The ad had the third most social media activity of all the film-related trailers that aired during the game, and was nominated for Outstanding Visual Effects in a Commercial at the 15th Visual Effects Society Awards.

Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. “AVI Arab : 'J'AI pardon à Kevin Face, IL sootier DES orders' (Excl Daily Mars)”.

Marvel's Kevin Face on the Future of The Avengers, Thor, Ant Man, Doctor Strange, and Captain America!” “Exclusive: Marvel Studios Production Head Kevin Face”.

Marvel's Netflix Heroes Were Considered for 'Infinity War', Confirm Russo Brothers”. Archived from the original on January 12, 2019.

“Kevin Face on 'Iron Man 3 and the Shared Marvel Movie Universe ". “/Film Interview: 'Thor: The Dark World' Producer Kevin Face”.

Marvel's Kevin Face Explains Upcoming Slate Plan”. “Face: Black Widow's Past to be Explored in Avengers 2 and Possible Solo Film”.

“What's at Stake For Thor, Captain America, And The 'Avengers' Franchise”. ^ “The Marvel Cinematic Universe Expands Through”.

“DCC: Kevin Face Lays Out The Map For An Ever-Expanding Cinematic Universe ". Archived from the original on August 9, 2014.

Marvel Announces Black Panther, Captain Marvel, Inhuman, Avengers: Infinity War Films, Cap & Thor 3 Subtitles”. “Watch: All Of Your Marvel Phase 3 Questions Answered By Marvel Head Kevin Face”.

“Ant-Man Plot Points, Arrow & Sin City 2 Trailers, X-Men : Days, Avengers 2 Movie News”. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014.

Marvel Shake-Up: Film Chief Kevin Face Breaks Free of CEO Ike Perl mutter (Exclusive)”. “The Marvel Creative Committee Is Over”.

^ Kit, Boys; Masters, Kim (September 3, 2015). “ Marvel's Civil War: Why Kevin Face Demanded Emancipation from CEO Ike Perl mutter”.

“Kevin Face Says the Post-'Avengers 4' MCU May Be a 'New Thing', Not 'Phase 4 “. Archived from the original on April 23, 2017.

“Kevin Face Talks 'Captain America: Civil War', 'Spider-Man', 'Black Panther' and More”. ^ “The Walt Disney Company To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion in Stock” (Press release).

Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. “Disney raises bid for Fox assets to $71.3 billion in cash and stock, topping Comcast”.

Marvel Unveils Post-'Endgame' Slate with 'Eternal', 'Shang-Chi' and Multiple Sequels”. Marvel Unveils 3 New Disney+ Shows Including 'She-Hulk' and 'Moon Knight “.

“Here are all the new Marvel, Star Wars, and other projects Disney announced at its investor day”. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020.

“All the Marvel Studios News Coming out of The Walt Disney Company's 2020 Investor Day Presentation”. Archived from the original on December 13, 2020.

“Disney's Marvel Buy Traps Hollywood in Spider-Man Web (Update2)”. “Disney Completes Purchase of Marvel Home Entertainment Distribution Rights”.

...despite obtaining the cinematic rights to make Hulk movies, Marvel did not obtain distribution rights. Universal held those rights... the exact situation is that Universal currently retains the right of first refusal to distribute any Hulk films in the future.

If for some reason Universal chose to forgo distribution, then Disney would immediately pick up the distribution rights for the Hulk movie. “How Marvel's Hulk Got Caught Between Studios”.

^ a b c “Sony Pictures Entertainment Brings Marvel Studios into The Amazing World of Spider-Man”. Marvel and Sony Reach Deal on Spider-Man Movie Production”.

Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. “Kevin Face: Next Spider-Man Will Have New Villains, John Hughes Vibe”.

' Spider-Man:' A $175 Million Commercial for Disney Toys”. “Disney-Sony Standoff Ends Marvel Studios & Kevin Face's Involvement In 'Spider-Man “.

Archived from the original on August 20, 2019. “Inside the deal that brought Sony's 'Spider-Man' back to Marvel's cinematic universe ".

“Spider-Man Could Leave MCU if Disney, Sony Can't Reach Financing Deal”. Archived from the original on August 20, 2019.

“Sony, Marvel Make Up: Companies Will Produce Third 'Spider-Man' Film”. “Spider-Man Back In Action As Sony Agrees To Disney Lo-fi For New Movie, Return To MCU: How Spider's Web Got Untangled”.

“New 'Spider-Man' Movie Bringing Back Doctor Octopus and Past Peter Parkers”. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020.

Marvel Studios President Kevin Face Adds Marvel Chief Creative Officer Title; He'll Oversee All Creative & Story Initiatives”. Marvel TV Division Folded Into Studio Unit, Layoffs Expected”.

Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. “ABC Green lights 'S.H.I.E.L.D' Marvel Pilot, Joss When To Co-Write & Possibly Direct”.

Marvel's 'Agent Carter': Hayley At well, Writers, Show runners Confirmed for ABC Drama”. Marvel Comics 'Damage Control' Adapted As Comedy TV Series By ABC”.

“EXCLUSIVE: Marvel TV's Jeff Lobe Comments on Rumored Comedy Series”. Archived from the original on January 15, 2016.

“ABC Entertainment Chief Talks 'Castle's' Demise, Honda Rhymes' Future and More Marvel ". ^ Marvel's The Inhuman' Coming To IMAX & ABC in 2017”.

Marvel, ABC Set 'The Inhuman' TV Series”. ' Marvel's Inhuman': 'Hell on Wheels' Anson Mount To Star As Black Bolt in ABC Series”.

Marvel's 'Inhuman' TV Series Will Arrive via IMAX Theaters”. “Why ABC's Deal to Bring Marvel's 'The Inhuman' to IMAX Is a 'Quadruple Win “.

Marvel Preps 60-Episode Package of Four Series & A Mini For VoD & Cable Networks”. “Disney To Provide Netflix With Four Series Based on Marvel Characters”.

“Why Disney Chose to Put Marvel's New TV Shows on Netflix”. “The Defenders: How Marvel's street-level heroes landed on Netflix”.

Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. “Daredevil: How the Netflix Series Will Change the Marvel Cinematic Universe ".

Marvel Netflix Series Part of Marvel Cinematic Universe, Available For Binge Watching According To Joe Nevada”. ' Daredevil': 7 things we learned about Netflix's new series”.

Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. “Netflix Clarifies Release Plans For Marvel Series After Daredevil”.

Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. “Netflix open to more Marvel shows: Any character could get spin-off”.

“Netflix Knocks Out Marvel's Iron Fist', No Season 3 For Martial Arts Series”. “Netflix Isn't Going to Stop Making Marvel TV Shows Anytime Soon”.

^ Pattern, Dominic; Andrea, Nellie (October 19, 2018). “Netflix Pulls The Plug On 'Luke Cage', No Season 3 For Marvel's Harlem Hero”.

' Daredevil' Canceled at Netflix as Marvel Roster Shrinks to Two”. “Don't Expect 'The Defenders' on Disney Streaming Service Any Time Soon (EXCLUSIVE)”.

Archived from the original on December 12, 2018. Marvel Was 'Surprised' When Netflix Canceled 'Daredevil,' Cast Member Says”.

Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. “Disney's Top Deal maker Kevin Mayer Talks Fox Plans and that New Streaming Service”.

Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. ' The Punisher' & 'Jessica Jones' Canceled By Netflix; Latter's 3rd Season Still To Air”.

Marvel Boss Kevin Face On 'Black Panther 2' Post Boseman, 'Black Widow' Release & Why Streaming Plans Won't Burn MCU At The B.O.” Archived from the original on January 11, 2021.

“Hulu Orders Marvel's Runaways' Series From Josh Schwartz & Stephanie Savage”. Creators, Ordered to Series at Hulu”.

“Does 'Runaways' Connect With the Marvel Cinematic Universe ? ' Ghost Rider,' 'Maelstrom' Marvel Live-Action Dramas a Go at Hulu”.

“Ghost Rider and Maelstrom join Hulu's roster of live-action Marvel series”. ' Marvel's Ghost Rider' Live-Action Series Not Going Forward At Hulu”.

' Marvel's Runaways' To End With Season 3 On Hulu”. “Free form Green lights Marvel Romance Superhero Series 'Cloak and Dagger' (EXCLUSIVE)”.

“Free form's Fraught Year: Inside the Rebranded Network's Chase for Millennials (and a Hit Show)”. “Free form Continues to Grow Its Programming Slate with New Series, Pilots, Returning Series and More”.

Marvel's 'New Warriors,' With Squirrel Girl, Ordered Straight-to-Series at Free form (Exclusive)”. “Hulu's 'Runaways' 'Lives in the Same World' as Other Marvel Fare”.

Marvel's 'New Warriors' Won't Air on Free form, Series Will Be Shopped Elsewhere (Exclusive)”. “Exclusive: Marvel's 'New Warriors is Dead; Superhero Show Fails to Find a New Home”.

' Marvel's Cloak & Dagger' Canceled By Free form After 2 Seasons”. 'S Showrunner Talks Interconnection With Avengers: Age Of Patron, Agent Carter, & Marvel Cinematic Universe ".

“10 things we learned at the Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.' 'S Executive Producer Jeff Bell on What to Expect in Season Three and Beyond”.

' Agents of SHIELD' EPs Respond to Critics: Don't Expect a Marvel Movie Every Week”. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016.

Marvel's Head of TV talks Agents of SHIELD, Inhuman and Netflix”. “Why Marvel TV Characters Are Unlikely to Appear in Marvel Films ”.

“Spider-Man: Homecoming Producer Wants to See Defenders References”. “Daredevil star Vincent D'Ontario says he doubts he'll ever be in a Marvel movie as Kingpin”.

Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. “Exclusive: Anthony Mackie Says Marvel TV and Movie Crossover Wouldn't Work At All”.

Marvel TV Boss on Defenders' Future, Thanos' Snap and Suiting Up”. “Loki, Scarlet Witch, Other Marvel Heroes to Get Own TV Series on Disney Streaming Service (EXCLUSIVE)”.

Marvel's Kevin Face Breaks Silence on Scorsese Attack: “It's Unfortunate” (Exclusive)”. “It's Finally All Connected: How 'Avengers: Endgame' Finally Acknowledged the MCU's TV Universe ".

“Here's How Maelstrom Connects to Marvel World”. “New 'Star Wars' Trilogy in Works With Ran Johnson, TV Series Also Coming to Disney Streaming Service”.

“Kevin Face Explains How They Planned 'Ant-Man and The Wasp' Alongside 'Infinity War,' the Disney Streaming Service and More ”. ' I'm Not Going to Get You a Bear Playing a Tambourine': The Producer Roundtable”.

“Honey, I'm Chrome: Marvel prepares to take over TV with WandaVision”. “Disney Over the Top: Bob Tiger Bets the Company (and Hollywood's Future) on Streaming”.

“Samuel L. Jackson to Play Nick Fury in New Marvel Disney Plus Series (Exclusive)”. “Paul Robin on Iron Man: Fast Friends”.

“Exploring Untold Tales of the Marvel Cinematic Universe in Comics Form”. Marvel One-Shots: Expanding the Cinematic Universe ".

“CCC 2015: Marvel Talks About Animated 'AVENGERS DISASSEMBLED' And Possible MCU Tie-Ins”. “Leslie BBB's Christine Ever hart returns in Ant-Man viral video, plus new featured”.

“The Daily Bugle's website from 'Spider-Man: Far From Home' is now real”. “JK Simmons' J Jonah Jameson Labels Spider-Man a 'Miscreant' on New Daily Bugle Website (Video)”.

' Guardians of the Galaxy' is Getting a Live-Action Holiday Special in 2022 Before Vol. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020.

Marvel Studios Announces New Series Debuting Exclusively on Disney+”. Archived from the original on December 15, 2020.

' Captain America': Chris Evans fights evil, and the present, in 'Winter Soldier “. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014.

“Kevin Face on How a Marvel Movie Like 'Doctor Strange' Is Developed, & Why Time Travel Won't Ruin the MCU”. “The Russo Brothers on What It Takes to Land a Marvel Directing Gig”.

Marvel Television's Jeff Lobe Talks Studio's Rise, Importance of Netflix's 'Daredevil “. “Exclusive: 'Daredevil' Star Vincent D'Ontario Talks Kingpin, Marvel Fans and 'Defenders' Crossover”.

“Comic-Con Interview: Kevin Face Talks The Future of the Marvel Cinematic Universe ". ^ “Daredevil's Charlie Cox About His New-Found Love of Comic Books”.

“Adrianne Panicky Says Mockingbird Joining The Avengers Has Been Discussed”. ^ “Rosario Dawson Returns to Hell's Kitchen in the Netflix Original Series Marvel's Daredevil' Season 2 & More”.

“Charlie Cox Reveals Where 'Luke Cage' Falls in the Marvel /Netflix Timeline”. Marvel Has Joss When on Contract Through 2015”.

“Avengers: Infinity War Parts 1 and 2 Will Be Very Different Movies”. ' Ant-Man and the Wasp' Director on Wooing Michelle Pfeiffer and His Marvel Future”.

“James Gun Fired as Director of 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. “James Gun Fired From 'Guardians of the Galaxy' Franchise Over Offensive Tweets”.

“The Suicide Squad: James Gun Reconnected With Marvel One Day After Joining DC Movie”. “Disney Reinstates Director James Gun For 'Guardians of the Galaxy 3 “.

Marvel Is Exploring New Talent Deals in Case Films End Up Going to Disney+ (Exclusive)”. Archived from the original on December 16, 2020.

“Kevin Face Confirms Spider-Man: Far From Home Is the Conclusion to Marvel's Infinity Saga”. Marvel Making Deals for Title Wave”.

“Director Louis Le terrier Talks Incredible Hulk”. “Comic-Con: 'Incredible Hulk' screenwriter Oak Penn discusses strife with Edward Norton”.

Marvel Taps Its 'Runaways' Scribe Drew Pearce To Write 'Iron Man 3 Script”. ' Thor 2 Director Will Be 'Game of Thrones' Hélmer Alan Taylor”.

“Russo brothers tapped for 'Captain America 2': Disney and Marvel in final negotiations with 'Community' producers to helm pic”. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012.

' Captain America' Writers Talk Sequel, Post-'Avengers' Plans, And The Marvel Movie-Verse”. ^ Marvel Studios Begins Production on Guardians of the Galaxy”.

^ “Director Peyton Reed and Writer Adam McKay Join Marvel's Ant-Man”. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014.

Marvel's 'Ant-Man' Resolves Writing Credit Dispute (Exclusive)”. ' Spider-Man: Far From Home' Will End Phase 3 of Marvel Cinematic Universe, Not Begin Phase 4, Says Marvel's Kevin Face”.

“Directors Joe & Anthony Russo Confirm They'll Direct Captain America 3; Say They're Breaking the Story Now with Screenwriters Christopher Markus & Stephen McMeel”. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Boys (June 3, 2014).

Archived (PDF) from the original on October 30, 2016. “Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios Find Their 'Spider-Man' Star and director” (Press release).

“DCC 2016: 'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Introduces Its Villain”. “Mark Buffalo Bringing Hulk Into 'Thor: Ragnarök “.

^ Patterson, Brandon Ellington (February 6, 2016). ' Black Panther': Kevin Face Reveals Ryan Cooler Is Co-Writing; Talks Filming Dates”.

“Joe & Anthony Russo to Direct 2- Part Marvel's 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event”. “Christopher Markus & Stephen McMeel to Write Marvel's 2- Part 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event”.

Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2019. “Kevin Face Confirms Jon Watts Will Direct Spider-Man: Homecoming 2”.

“Jake Gyllenhaal in Talks to Star in 'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Sequel”. Marvel Phase 4: new MCU release dates, cast news, crossovers, and more”.

“Thor: Ragnarök Writer Gets Sole Screenwriting Credit on Black Widow”. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021.

' Shang-Chi' Marvel's First Asian Film Superhero Franchise; Dave Callahan Scripting, Search on For Director of Asian Descent”. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018.

Marvel Studios' 'The Eternal' Finds Its Director With Chloe Zhao”. Marvel Sets Black List Writers for 'Eternal' Movie (Exclusive)”.

' Spider-Man: Far From Home' Sequel Delayed to December 2021”. “MCU's Spider-Man 3: Marisa Coma Teases What To Expect Of Aunt May”.

McClintock, Pamela; Couch, Aaron (April 24, 2021). “ ' Spider-Man' Sequel Delays Release to November 2021 Amid Sony Date Shuffle”.

“Sam Rail Confirms He's Directing 'Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness “. “Exclusive: Marvel Taps Jade Bartlett to Write 'Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness “.

' Doctor Strange 2' Lands New Writer With 'Loki' Show Creator (Exclusive)”. “Here's the Marvel Villain Christian Bale Is Playing in 'Thor: Love and Thunder “.

' Thor' Sequel Writing Staff Recruits 'Someone Great's' Jennifer Kay tin Robinson (Exclusive)”. ' Black Panther II' Will Not Recast T'Calla in the Wake of Chadwick Boseman's Death”.

Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. “Ryan Cooler Signs on to Write and Direct 'Black Panther' Sequel (Exclusive)”.

^ Miller, Liz Shannon (December 10, 2020). “ ' Captain Marvel 2' Reveals New Release Date, Roles for Ms. Marvel and Monica Ram beau”.

“Ant-Man and the Wasp: Quantumania Star Michelle Pfeiffer Reveals 2022 Release Date”. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020.

“Peyton Reed to Direct 'Ant-Man 3' (Exclusive)”. ' Ant-Man 3' Finds its Writer With 'Rick and Morty' Scribe (Exclusive)”.

' Guardians of the Galaxy' is Getting a Live-Action Holiday Special in 2022 Before Vol. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020.

“Disney Reinstates Director James Gun For 'Guardians of the Galaxy 3 “. “Breaking: Marvel Studios Announces 'Fantastic Four' Feature Film”.

' Agent Carter': Hayley At well reprises capable 1940s spy for Marvel TV show”. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015.

“Netflix Orders a Second Season of Marvel's Daredevil “. “Vincent D'Ontario Returns As Wilson Fisk in Season 3 Of Marvel's Daredevil “.

' Jessica Jones' Showrunner on Netflix Cancellation: “This Was Clearly a Business Decision ". “Netflix, Marvel Pick 'Luke Cage' Showrunner, Chen Howard Cover”.

“Scott Buck to Show run the Netflix Original Series Marvel's Iron Fist “. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015.

“Iron Fist changing show runners for season 2”. “Disney Plus Unveils 'WandaVision' TV Spot, Releases Original Theme Song”.

Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Marvel's 'Vision and Scarlet Witch' Series Lands 'Captain Marvel Writer (Exclusive)”.

Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. “Kari Scotland To Direct 6- Part 'The Falcon And The Winter Soldier' Miniseries With Anthony Mackie, Sebastian Stan, Daniel Bruh & Emily Van Camp”.

“The Falcon and the Winter Soldier continues Cap's legacy with new trailer”. Archived from the original on December 10, 2020.

“Falcon-Winter Soldier Limited Series in the Works With 'Empire' Writer (Exclusive)”. “Loki to Get Six 1-Hour Episodes Directed by Kate Heron”.

' Loki' Trailer: Tom Huddleston's God of Mischief Finds Himself at the Center of a Crime Thriller”. Archived from the original on December 10, 2020.

Marvel's 'Loki' Series Lands 'Rick and Morty' Writer (Exclusive)”. ' Loki' Exec Producer Michael Waldron Tapped To Write Kevin Face's 'Star Wars' Movie As Part Of New Deal With Disney”.

' Ms. Marvel Series in the Works for Disney+ (Exclusive)”. “Hawkeye Series Starring Jeremy Runner in the Works at Disney+ (Exclusive)”.

“Hailed Seinfeld Stars as Archer Kate Bishop in 'Hawkeye' Series”. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020.

Marvel's 'Hawkeye' Series Finds Its Writer With 'Mad Men' Scribe (Exclusive)”. Kevin Face Talks 'Loki', 'Falcon and the Winter Soldier', and 'She-Hulk “.

Kit, Boys; Goldberg, Lesley (November 8, 2019). “ Marvel's 'Moon Knight' Series Finds Its Head Writer With 'Umbrella Academy' Series Creator (Exclusive)”.

Marvel's 'She-Hulk' Finds Its Head Writer With 'Rick and Morty' Scribe (Exclusive)”. “James Gun Returns to Write and Direct 'The Guardians of the Galaxy Holiday Special' Ahead of 'Guardians of the Galaxy 3 “.

Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. “Kevin Face Explains Why Marvel's 'Secret Invasion' Is a Disney+ Series and Not a Movie”.

Archived from the original on January 12, 2021. “Secret Invasion, Marvel Series Starring Samuel L. Jackson, Coming to Disney+”.

“Iron Man actress Leslie BBB teases return to the Marvel Cinematic Universe ". “Which News front is a Real Marvel Cinematic Universe News Channel”.

^ a b “Read a Prelude to Captain America: The Winter Soldier”. ^ Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy Prequel Infinite Comic”.

“Arnett & Landing Put the Band Back Together for Guardians of the Galaxy Movie Prequel”. Marvel's Surprise, Official AGE OF PATRON Prequel Has Wanda & Pietro SPOILERS”.

Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. ^ Pilgrim, Will Corona (w), Ferguson, Lee and Suzuki, Moran and Tomorrow, Guillermo (p), Rosenberg, Rachelle (i).

Marvel's Captain America: Civil War Prelude Infinite Comic 1 (February 10, 2016), Marvel Comics ^ a b Marvel Comics JULY 2016 Solicitations”. MARVEL COMICS January 2017 Solicitations”.

Marvel Comics To Publish Cinematic Universe 'Black Panther' Origin And 'Infinity War' Preludes”. ^ Marvel's Avengers: Infinity War Prelude.

Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Announces Massive Voice Cast of MCU Stars & Jeffrey Wright as The Watcher”.

' Captain America': Sebastian Stan cast as Bucky Barnes”. “All the Marvel Disney+ News Coming Out of The Walt Disney Company's Investor Day”.

^ “Cinema Con: We've Seen Hawkeye In Thor And It's More Than A Walk On”. “UFC's GSP lands role in Captain America sequel”.

“Georges St-Pierre And 'The Falcon And The Winter Soldier' Stars Return To Set After Pandemic Delays”. “Scarlett Johansson's 'Black Widow' Movie Adds Florence Pugh”.

' Hawkeye' Series at Disney Plus Adds Six to Cast, Including Vera Farming and Tony Dalton (Exclusive)”. Archived from the original on December 3, 2020.

“Titus Deliver Set to Return as Agent Blake in Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.” ' Incredible Hulk' Baddie Tim Roth Offers A Glimpse into His 'Fascinating Character' And Monstrous Alter Ego”.

“Hayley At well talks Captain America, confirms Tommy Lee Jones in cast”. Marvel's Agent Carter reaction: Comic-Con 2013”.

' Ant-Man' Viral: Interviews With Scott Lang and Pym Technologies CEO Darren Cross”. Marvel Signs WWE's Dave Bautista for 'Guardians of the Galaxy' (Exclusive)”.

“DCC: Marvel Studios Reveals The Latest Phase 3 Secrets”. “The Howling Commandos and HYDRA Get Serious in New 'Captain America' Images”.

Breaks the 'Laws of Nature,' Gets Inhumanly Good in Season 3". “WHICH Sits Down With Marvel Cinematic Universe President Ellis”.

' Guardians of the Galaxy' Adds One More to Cast (Exclusive)”. Marvel Studios Confirms Stellar New Cast Members of the Highly Anticipated 'Thor: Ragnarök “.

' Thor: Ragnarök' Blu-ray Details, Trailer, Clips Herald the God of Thunder's Arrival”. Archived from the original on January 11, 2018.

^ “Official: Vin Diesel to Voice Groot in Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy”. “First look: Mickey Rourke suits up as Whiplash for 'Iron Man 2 “.

“Gay Punchlines, LGBT Visibility and Marvel Studios' One-Shot 'All Hail The King “. “Cobain Smolders joins 'Avengers' cast”.

“That Spider-Man: Far From Home End of Credits Reveal, Explained”. “James D'Army to Co-Star With Hayley At well in Marvel's 'Agent Carter' (EXCLUSIVE)”.

“Michael B. Jordan Joins Marvel's 'Black Panther' (Exclusive)”. “Thor: Ragnarök director Taiga Waiting to portray Kong in film”.

“James Gun Reveals His Brother's Roles in 'Guardians of the Galaxy “. ^ “Paul Rudd Set to Star in Marvel's Ant-Man”.

“Test Out Shari's Latest Gadgets in ILM's New Marvel VR Experience, Avengers: Damage Control”. “Kat Jennings joins 'Thor' cast”.

Marvel Studios Update: Loki Officially Cast in 2011 Thor Movie”. “Disney Film Chief Alan Horn Talks Fox Merger, 'Star Wars' and Pixar Post-John Masseter”.

Adds Powers Booth in 'incredibly menacing' role”. “Official: Elizabeth Olsen & Aaron Taylor-Johnson Join 'Avengers: Age of Patron “.

“Ming-Na To Star In Joss When's ABC Pilot Marvel's S.H.I.E.L.D. ' ^ “Former Colchester schoolgirl lands role in the latest Marvel blockbuster”.

“First Look at Major Runaways Easter Eggs in Doctor Strange”. ' Marvel's Runaways' Sets Remaining Cast For Television Project With Hulu”.

“Spider-Man: Far From Home Blu-ray to Include Short Film”. “Michael Douglas to Star as Hank Pym in Marvel's Ant-Man”.

“A New Captain Marvel TV Spot Gives Us Hope for Marvel's Next Generation”. “Hannah Paris Joins Elizabeth Olsen And Paul Bethany For 'WandaVision' As Monica Ram beau”.

^ “Official: Bradley Cooper to Voice Rocket Raccoon in Marvel's Guardians of the Galaxy”. “Frank Grille to play Crossbones in 'Captain America' sequel”.

“Exclusive: Frank Grille Returning to MCU as Crossbones in 'What If...? ' Archived from the original on January 11, 2021.

“First Impression: Thor 3D Blu-ray Special Features”. “Ben Kingsley makes for a scary Mandarin in 'Iron Man 3 “.

“Dominic Cooper talks 'Captain America: The First Avenger “. “Dominic Cooper Returns as Howard Stark in Marvel's Agent Carter”.

' Captain Marvel Photos Reveal the Skulls, Roman the Accuser, and Young Nick Fury”. “Chadwick Boseman to Star in Marvel's Black Panther”.

“ The Avengers” has two post-credit scenes, mystery actor revealed”. “Kevin Face Talks Guardians of the Galaxy, Thor 3, Captain America 3, Doctor Strange, Casting Josh Brain as Thanos, Comic-Con Plans, and More”.

“Exclusive: Chris Hemsworth is Thor”. “Exclusive: 'Avengers Age of Patron' Casts James Spider as the Film's Legendary Villain”.

^ Agent Carter' Premiere Date Announced; Whiplash's Dad Cast”. “Exclusive: Costa Robin Cast as Anton Bank in Marvel's Agent Carter”.

“Paul Bethany Confirms 'Avengers' Role, Will Return As Voice of J.A.R.V.I.S.” “Paul Bethany to Play the Vision in Marvel's 'Avengers: Age of Patron “.

“Disneyland Introduces Their First Marvel Exhibit with Iron Man Tech”. ' Dracula' Actor to Play Villain in 'Avengers: Age of Patron “.

“Toby Jones to Play Arnie Zola in Captain America”. ' Agent Carter' Season 1 finale surprise gets HYDRA's return started”.

“Paul Bethany to Play the Vision in Marvel's 'Avengers: Age of Patron “. Marvel Studios Begins Production on Marvel's 'Captain America: Civil War “.

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Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. “Bring on the Bad Guys: Marvel Needs Better Villains Than 'Ant-Man's' Yellow jacket”.

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Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. ' Jessica Jones' Makes Me Question The Point of the Marvel Cinematic Universe ".

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“Can Anyone Besides Marvel Make a Cinematic Universe Work?” ' Justice League' aims for summer 2015 after Superman victory”.

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“The Amazing Spider-Man Spinoffs Venom and The Sinister Six Announced by Sony”. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013.

^ Fraser, Marc; Lang, Brent (February 10, 2015). “Spider-Man: How Sony, Marvel Will Benefit from Unique Deal (EXCLUSIVE)”.

“17 Movies Shaken by Sony Hack, From 'The Interview' to 'Specter' to 'Steve Jobs “. ' Spider-Man' Spinoff 'Venom' Revived at Sony (Exclusive)”.

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“This Is the Official Name of Sony's Spider-Man Marvel Movie Universe ". “The Price Sony Paid For Rebooting 'Spider-Man “.

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“CS Explores Disneyland's Thor: The Dark World Attraction, Treasures of Asgard”. “Captain America Arrives at Disneyland Park in Anaheim March 7”.

^ Brown, Tracy; Martens, Todd (February 15, 2017). “Disney sets opening date for Guardians of the Galaxy attraction at California Adventure”.

Marvel -Themed Lands Coming to Three Disney Parks”. “Hong Kong Disneyland to Open 'Iron Man' Experience in 2016”.

“Avengers and Other superheroes to Assemble in New Themed Areas at Disneyland Resort, Disneyland Paris and Hong Kong Disneyland”. “Disney unveils new Ant-Man and the Wasp ride images”.

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Queensland Gallery of Modern Art. ' Avengers: Damage Control' Extended: Team Up to Fight Alongside Earth's Mightiest Heroes”.

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“Cover for Marvel Studios: The First Ten Years Book Revealed at San Diego Comic-Con”. Archived from the original on December 6, 2020.

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Sources
1 www.thesaurus.com - https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/rasping
2 www.merriam-webster.com - https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/rasping
3 www.wordhippo.com - https://www.wordhippo.com/what-is/another-word-for/rasping.html
4 www.interglot.com - https://www.interglot.com/dictionary/en/en/translate/rasping
5 www.eslbuzz.com - https://www.eslbuzz.com/collective-nouns-group-words-for-people-animals-and-things/
6 www.greetingcardpoet.com - https://www.greetingcardpoet.com/words-of-encouragement/