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Boy Wolfhound

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Carole Stephens
• Tuesday, 24 November, 2020
• 16 min read

Temperament: Courageous, Dignified, Calm AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 76 of 197 Height: 32 inches minimum (male), 30 inches minimum (female) Weight: 120 pounds (male), 105 pounds (female) Life Expectancy: 6-8 years Group: Hound Group Of great size and commanding appearance, the Irish Wolfhound is remarkable in combining power and swiftness with keen sight.

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Contents

The largest and tallest of the galloping hounds, in general type he is a rough-coated, Greyhound-like breed; very muscular, strong though gracefully built; movements easy and active; head and neck carried high, the tail carried with an upward sweep with a slight curve towards the extremity. Great size, including height at shoulder and proportionate length of body, is the desideratum to be aimed at, and it is desired to firmly establish a race that shall average from 32 to 34 inches in dogs, showing the requisite power, activity, courage and symmetry.

Long, the frontal bones of the forehead very slightly raised and very little indentation between the eyes. Neck : Rather long, very strong and muscular, well arched, without dewlap or loose skin about the throat.

Rough and hard on body, legs and head; especially wiry and long over eyes and under jaw. The amiable Irish Wolfhound is an immense, muscular hound gracefully built along classic Greyhound lines, capable of great speed at the gallop.

The rough, hard coat comes in many colors, including white, gray, brindle, red, black, and fawn. Is are too serene to be fierce guard dogs, but just the sight of them is enough to deter intruders.

Unlike many double-coated breeds, Irish Wolfhounds don’t “blow out” their coats during an annual or semi-annual shedding season. Because they retain a strong instinct to hunt and chase prey, they should only be allowed loose in areas that are securely fenced, and any walks must be taken on a leash.

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As adults, Irish Wolfhounds can become couch potatoes if allowed to, but regular exercise such as long walks or play sessions will help keep them physically and mentally healthy. A home with a fairly large fenced area is necessary to provide the kind of environment in which they can thrive.

The breed can also exercise mind and body by participating in canine sports like tracking, agility, and lure coursing. Wolfhound puppies take 18 months or more to mature, and they can be very destructive, and possibly prone to injuring themselves, when left alone for extended periods.

Puppies should have reasonable access to age-appropriate free play, but not with adult dogs, and with no forced exercise. Wolfhounds crave the company of their people, and their sensitivity to humans makes them excellent candidates for therapy work.

Responsible breeders will screen their breeding stock for health and genetic conditions such as pneumonia, heart disease, certain cancers and liver shunt. An annual examination, preferably by a veterinarian familiar with sight hounds, is recommended and should include an EKG.

Extensive health information is available on the sites of the AKC breed club, the Irish Wolfhound Club of America, and its sister health organization, the Irish Wolfhound Foundation. The Wolfhound’s long history goes back to antiquity and over the centuries has acquired a patina of myth and legend.

wolfhound irish
(Source: www.pinterest.com)

It can be reliably stated, however, that they were created by breeding the indigenous large dogs of Britain to the Middle Eastern coursing hounds that were bartered around the known world in the earliest days of international trade. By the time the Roman Empire had gained a toehold in the British Isles, the giant hounds of Ireland were already long-established.

In the year 391 the Roman consul received a gift of seven of these hounds that “all Rome viewed with wonder.” These majestic hunters, whose motto was “Gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked,” were used on such quarry as the now-extinct Irish elk, a massive, ferocious beast said to stand six feet at the shoulder. In 1862, British army captain George Augustus Graham began scouring the country for remaining specimens of Ireland’s national hound.

However, with the disappearance from Ireland of these animals, and the excessive exportation of the Wolfhound, the breed became almost extinct. Of great size and commanding appearance, the Irish Wolfhound is remarkable in combining power and swiftness with keen sight.

The largest and tallest of the galloping hounds, in general type he is a rough-coated, Greyhound-like breed; very muscular, strong though gracefully built; movements easy and active; head and neck carried high, the tail carried with an upward sweep with a slight curve towards the extremity. Great size, including height at shoulder and proportionate length of body, is the desideratum to be aimed at, and it is desired to firmly establish a race that shall average from 32 to 34 inches in dogs, showing the requisite power, activity, courage and symmetry.

Long, the frontal bones of the forehead very slightly raised and very little indentation between the eyes. Neck : Rather long, very strong and muscular, well arched, without dewlap or loose skin about the throat.

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(Source: www.reddit.com)

Rough and hard on body, legs and head; especially wiry and long over eyes and under jaw. Though he has been prized as a courageous hunter for centuries, he has a sweet temperament and thrives on companionship.

The Irish Wolfhound is the tallest of all dog breeds, with males standing up to a minimum of 32 inches at the shoulder. The earliest written record of an Irish Wolfhound is from 391 A.D., in a letter from a Roman consul to his brother.

The consul thanks his brother for his gift of “Irish dogs,” saying, “All Rome viewed them in wonder.” These “wolf dogs of Ireland” were apparently gifted to Roman consuls, as well as to kings of other European countries, to shahs of Persia, and other world leaders. According to legend, one of the High Kings of Ireland, Cormac mac Air, who is said to have reigned some time between the 2nd and 4th centuries, had an army of 300 hounds.

Irish Wolfhounds were highly coveted in the early centuries, because they were excellent hunters, guardians, and companions. There are legends of bands of Scottish people and others from Northern Britain, known as the Dianna, using Irish Wolfhounds in massive hunts, whereas many as 200 stag would be killed.

As the number of wolves and elk in Ireland decreased, the demand for Irish Wolfhounds dropped. Graham made it his mission to find the few remaining Irish Wolfhounds in the country and use them to revive the breed.

wolfhound guy
(Source: mflanigan.com)

There are many references to the Irish Wolfhound in poetry from many countries, going back several centuries. Behold this Creature's Form and State Which Nature therefore did create That to the World might be express What mien there can be in a Beast, And that we in this shape may find A Lion of another kind, For this Heroic beast does seem In Majesty to rival him;.

After President Herbert Hoover moved into the White House, his wife was given an Irish Wolfhound named. President John F. Kennedy also had an Irish Wolfhound named Wolf, which was a gift from family friends who lived in Ireland.

Irish Wolfhound Origin Ireland Crankshaft Dogs 32 inches (81 cm) Bitches 30 inches (76 cm) Weight Dogs 120–155 pounds (54–70 kg) Bitches 105–135 pounds (48–61 kg) Coat Double coat, straight, hard coat Color Gray, Brindle, red, black, white, fawn Litter size 4 to 8 puppies Life span 6–8 years NotesUnofficial national dog breed of Ireland (domestic dog)The Irish Wolfhound is a historic sight hound dog breed from Ireland that has, by its presence and substantial size, inspired literature, poetry and mythology. Like all sight hounds, it was used to pursue game by speed; it was also famed as a guardian dog, specializing in protection against and for the hunting of wolves.

The original dog-type was presumed extinct by most knowledgeable authors but recreated specifically for the canine fancy mainly by Captain George A. Graham in the late 19th century. The modern breed, classified by recent genetic research into the Sight hound United Kingdom Rural Clade, :Fig.

S2 has been used by coursing hunters who have prized it for its ability to dispatch game caught by other, swifter sight hounds. In 391, there is a reference to large dogs by Quintus Aurelius Stomachs, a Roman Consul who received seven “canes Scotia” as a gift to be used for fighting lions and bears, and who wrote “all Rome viewed (them) with wonder”.

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Scott is a Latin name for the Gaels (ancient Irish). Dania, the early 19th century translator of the first complete version of Arrian's work in English, On Coursing, suggested the Irish and Scottish “greyhounds” were derived from the same ancestor, the verbiages, and had expanded with the Scott from Ireland across the Western Isles and into what is today Scotland.

Wolfhounds were used as hunting dogs by the Gaels, who called them Cu Fail (Irish : Cu Fail, Irish pronunciation: “hound” of “wolf” or wolfhound). Dogs are mentioned as Cu in Irish laws and literature dating from the 6th century or, in the case of the Sagas, from the old Irish period, AD 600–900.

The word Cu was often used as an epithet for warriors as well as kings, denoting that they were worthy of the respect and loyalty of a hound. Cu Cúchulainn, a mythical warrior whose name means “hound of Clan”, is supposed to have gained this name as a child when he slew the ferocious guard dog of Clan.

In discussing the systematic evidence of historic dog sizes in Ireland, the Irish zoo archaeologist Fin bar McCormick stressed that no dogs of Irish Wolfhound size are known from sites of the Iron Age period of 1000 BC through to the early Christian period to 1200 AD, and on the basis of the historic dog bones available, dogs of current Irish Wolfhound size seem to be a relatively modern development: “it must be concluded that the dog of Cúchulainn was no larger than an Alsatian and not the calf-sized beast of the popular imagination”. In his Historic of Ireland completed 1571, Edmund Champion gives a description of the hounds used for hunting wolves in the Dublin and Wick low mountains.

He says: “They (the Irish) are not without wolves and greyhounds to hunt them, bigger of bone and limb than a colt “. Due to their popularity overseas many were exported to European royal houses leaving numbers in Ireland depleted.

wolfhound viooz
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This led to a declaration by Oliver Cromwell being published in Kenny on 27 April 1652 to ensure that sufficient numbers remained to control the wolf population. The early 18th century engraving (see picture) from Century anger There by Johann Elias Riding er is the oldest known image of the original wolfhound.

References to the Irish Wolfhound in the 18th century tell of its great size, strength and greyhound shape as well as its scarcity. Writing in 1790, Berwick described it as the largest and most beautiful of the dog kind; about 36 inches high, generally of a white or cinnamon color, somewhat like the Greyhound but more robust.

He said that their aspect was mild, disposition peaceful, and strength so great that in combat the Mastiff or Bulldog was far from being an equal to them. It is thought to have been killed at My shall, on the slopes of Mount Easter, by a pack of wolf dogs kept by a Mr Watson of Ballydarton.

The wolfhounds that remained in the hands of a few families, who were mainly descendants of the old Irish chieftains, were now symbols of status rather than used as hunters, and these were said to be the last of their race. Thomas Pennant (1726–1798) reported that he could find no more than three wolf dogs when he visited Ireland.

During the 1836 meeting of the Geological Society of Dublin, Dr. Scouter presented the Notices of Animals which have disappeared from Ireland “, with the wolf dog mentioned. Member of the Irish Guards, pictured at Waterford Barracks with the regiment's mascot, an Irish Wolfhound named Lei trim Boy. National Geographic illustration showing the great size of the breed. Captain George Augustus Graham (1833–1909) of Redneck House, Dursley, Gloucestershire was responsible for creating the modern Irish wolfhound breed.

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He stated that he could not find the breed “in its original integrity” to work with: That we are in possession of the breed in its original integrity is not pretended; at the same time it is confidently believed that there are strains now existing that tracing back, more or less clearly, to the original breed; and it appears to be tolerably certain that our Deer hound is descended from that noble animal, and gives us a fair idea of what he was, though undoubtedly considerably his inferior and power.

The famous English Mastiff “Garnier's Lion” was bred to the Deer hound “Lunar”, and their offspring “Marquis” entered wolfhound pedigrees through his granddaughter “Young Donald”. Graham included “a single outcross of Tibetan Wolf Dog”.

In 1885 Captain Graham with other breeders founded the Irish Wolfhound Club, and the Breed Standard of Points to establish and agree the ideal to which breeders should aspire. A British Ireland revenue stamp with a picture of an Irish wolfhound Genomic analysis indicates that although there has been some DNA sharing between the Irish wolfhound with the Deer hound, Whippet, and Greyhound, there has been significant sharing of DNA between the Irish Wolfhound with the Great Dane.

One writer has stated that for the Irish Wolfhound, “the Great Dane appearance is strongly marked too prominently before the 20th Century”. George Augustus Graham created the modern Irish wolfhound breed that retained the appearance of the original form but not its genetic ancestry.

Considered by the American Kennel Club to be the tallest of all dog breeds, describing the breed as, “of great size and commanding appearance, the Irish Wolfhound is remarkable in combining power and swiftness with keen sight. The largest and tallest of the galloping hounds, in general type he is a rough-coated, Greyhound-like breed; very muscular, strong though gracefully built; movements easy and active; head and neck carried high, the tail carried with an upward sweep with a slight curve towards the extremity”.

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The average height of an Irish Wolfhound should be taller than that of a Great Dane. However, the wolfhound is not to be confused with being the heaviest, as its structure should be similar to that of a Greyhound, with a very broad and deep chest that tucks up.

Its color may be gray, brindle, red, black, white, fawn, and wheaten. The Irish Wolfhound was bred for long solitary hunts based solely on the dog's ability to visualize its landscape and perceive, unlike scent hounds (such as Bloodhounds and Beagles) who rely on scent rather than sight.

For this reason, the neck of an Irish Wolfhound should be long with the head held high the majority of the time. The Irish Wolfhound should also appear to be longer than it is tall.

Once used to hunt wolves, an Irish Wolfhound's structure should appear as if it is “fast enough to catch a wolf, and strong enough to kill it”. The AKC specifies the minimum height as 32 inches (81 cm) for mature males, 30 inches (76 cm) for females; the minimum weight: 120 pounds (54 kg) for males, 105 pounds (48 kg) for females.

It is not rare to see modern day female hounds reaching the minimal height requirements of those of male hounds; most females are well over 30 inches (76 cm) and in most AKC conformation shows a wolfhound's height is looked at with as much importance as the hound's head and face structure. Per the AKC, great size, including height of shoulder and proportionate length of body is to be aimed at, to firmly establish a breed averaging 32–34 inches (81–86 cm) in males.

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The height/weight standards in Ireland and England are slightly different: males 79 centimeters (31 in)/54.5 kilograms (120 lb), females 71 centimeters (28 in)/40.9 kilograms (90 lb). This is because the breed is generally introverted, intelligent, and reserved in character.

An easygoing animal, the Irish Wolfhound is quiet by nature. Wolfhounds often create a strong bond with their family and can become quite destructive or morose if left alone for long periods of time.

An Irish Wolfhound is not a guard dog and will protect individuals rather than the house or the owner's possessions. Bred for independence, an Irish Wolfhound is not necessarily keen on defending spaces.

A wolfhound is most easily described by its historical motto, “gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked”. The Irish Wolfhound is relatively easy to train.

However, historically these dogs were required to work at great distances from their masters and think independently when hunting rather than waiting for detailed commands and this can still be seen in the breed. Irish Wolfhounds are often favored for their loyalty, affection, patience and devotion.

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Although at some points in history they have been used as watchdogs, unlike some breeds, the Irish Wolfhound is usually unreliable in this role as they are often friendly toward strangers, although their size can be a natural deterrent. However, when protection is required this dog is never found wanting.

When they or their family are in any perceived danger they display a fearless nature. Author and Irish Wolfhound breeder Linda Glover believes the dogs' close affinity with humans makes them acutely aware and sensitive to ill will or malicious intentions leading to their excelling as a guardian rather than guard dog.

Like many large dog breeds, Irish Wolfhounds have a relatively short lifespan. And bone cancer are the leading cause of death and like all deep-chested dogs, gastric torsion (bloat) is common; the breed is affected by hereditary intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

In a privately funded study conducted under the auspices of the Irish Wolfhound Club of America and based on an owner survey, Irish Wolfhounds in the United States from 1966 to 1986 lived to a mean age of 6.47 and died most frequently of bone cancer. A more recent study by the UK Kennel Club puts the average age of death at 7 years.

Studies have shown that neutering is associated with a higher risk of bone cancer in various breeds, with one study suggesting that castration of male Irish Wolfhounds should be avoided at least until the dog is fully grown. Irish Wolfhounds should not receive additional supplements when a good dog food is used.

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Most breeders today recommend that they not be supplemented to slow their rapid growth. Irish Wolfhounds are the tallest of all dog breeds.

They are well suited to rural life, but their medium energy profile allows them to adjust fairly well to suburban and urban life as well, provided they receive appropriate exercise. “On the breeds of dogs peculiar to Ireland and their origin”.

“Genomic Analyses Reveal the Influence of Geographic Origin, Migration, and Hybridization on Modern Dog Breed Development”. Hounds, Hares & Other Creatures: The Complete Book of Coursing.

The Irish wolfhound (Bartholomew breed guides ed.). Adrian on coursing : the Cynegeticus of the younger Xenophon, translated from the Greek, with classical and practical annotations, and a brief sketch of the life and writings of the author.

To which is added an appendix, containing some account of the Canes venation of classical antiquity. ^ wolfhound An Bunch Náisiúinta Téarmaíochta don Garage / The National Terminology Database for Irish ^ McBride, Mary (1998).

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(Source: www.youtube.com)

The Irish Wolfhound : Symbol of Celtic Splendor. ^ a b Larson, G.; Carlsson, E. K.; Perry, A.; Webster, M. T.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Peters, J.; Stahl, P. W.; Piper, P. J.; Lingual, F.; Freehold, M.; Comstock, K. E.; Median, J. F.; Schelling, C.; Agonic, A. I.; Deepwater, P. A.; Donna, K.; Vine, J.-D.; Vila, C.; Anderson, L.; Lindblad-Toh, K. (2012).

“Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography”. ^ Hickey, Kieran R. “A Geographical Perspective on the Decline and Extermination of the Irish Wolf cans lupus” (PDF).

^ Parker, Heidi G.; Dredger, Dana L.; Rimbaud, Maud; Davis, Brian W.; Mullen, Alexandra B.; Carpintero-Ramirez, Gretchen; Stranded, Elaine A. “Genomic Analyses Reveal the Influence of Geographic Origin, Migration, and Hybridization on Modern Dog Breed Development”.

Refer Figure 4 and Supplementary Table S2: “Mean Haplotype Sharing Totals that Reach the 95% Significance Level between All Pairs of Breeds” ^ a b c “Irish Wolfhound ". The Irish Wolfhound : Symbol of Celtic Splendor.

The Irish Wolfhound : Symbol of Celtic Splendor. “Lifespan and disease predispositions in the Irish wolfhound : a review” (PDF).

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(Source: stories.wimp.com)

^ “Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for Irish Wolfhound (PDF). Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association Scientific Committee.

“Host related risk factors for canine osteosarcoma”. “Endogenous gonadal hormone exposure and bone sarcoma risk”.

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