Many things are especially important during pregnancy, such as eating right, cutting out cigarettes and alcohol, and being careful about the prescription and over-the-counter drugs you take. Diagnostic x -rays and other medical radiation procedures of the abdominal area also deserve extra attention during pregnancy.
There is scientific disagreement about whether the small amounts of radiation used in diagnostic radiology can actually harm the unborn child, but it is known that the unborn child is very sensitive to the effects of things like radiation, certain drugs, excess alcohol, and infection. If radiation or other agents were to cause changes in these cells, there could be a slightly increased chance of birth defects or certain illnesses, such as leukemia, later in life.
It should be pointed out, however, that the majority of birth defects and childhood diseases occur even if the mother is not exposed to any known harmful agent during pregnancy. Scientists believe that heredity and random errors in the developmental process are responsible for most of these problems.
There are, however, rare situations in which a woman who is unaware of her pregnancy may receive a very large number of abdominal x -rays over a short period. This is important for many medical decisions, such as drug prescriptions and nuclear medicine procedures, as well as x -rays.
According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, x -rays are generally safe during pregnancy, but there is quite a bit of controversy surrounding this issue. Studies have been conflicting and, therefore, x -rays should only be done when the benefits outweigh the risks.
X -rays can give your health care provider important and even life-saving information about numerous medical conditions. With dental x -rays, there is hardly any exposure to any part of the body except the teeth.
In fact, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (COG) recommends that pregnant women maintain good oral health by keeping up with such routine dental procedures as X -rays, teeth cleaning, cavity-filling, and root canals. It's a still a good idea to use a leaded apron to protect your abdomen to minimize your baby's radiation exposure when you've been having other parts X-rayed.
There are some kinds of X -rays (such as those used to treat disease) that may expose your baby to high doses of radiation, which can cause miscarriage or birth defects as well as some cancers in later life. Treatment To help diagnose and treat musculoskeletal injuries, orthopedic surgeons often recommend x -rays.
They can provide your doctor with important and potentially life-saving information about many medical conditions and are often used to detect bone fractures and dislocated joints after falls and accidents. You will then be asked to hold still while the machine briefly sends electromagnetic waves (radiation) through your body, exposing the film to reflect your internal structure.
Though ACR notes that you can have IQ damage over the 10 rad mark, increasing with exposure. Doses less than 5 rad are always considered causing no issues at any point in pregnancy.
The main concern is that the radiation from Rays have been associated with an increased risk of cancer and diseases for the unborn baby. If by RAY, you mean a plain film, which is to say a modality that uses Röntgen radiation, then, no.
A pregnant woman starts to show during her third month. Rest assured, though, that the majority of studies indicate that limited use of ultrasounds during pregnancy won't hurt a baby.
He/she then uses a special wand called a transducer that emits the sound waves to create pictures of your baby on the screen. The main concern is that energy from ultrasound waves heats up the tissues in your growing baby, and this might somehow affect her (thought his claim hasn’t been proven).
“COG makes it very clear that the energy delivered to the fetus cannot be assumed to be completely safe,” says Michele Hakka, M.D., an BEGAN in Beverly Hills and author of Expecting 411. There’s no clear answer, but despite the very slight possibility of risks, most experts agree that medically necessary ultrasounds are nothing to worry about.
There are many benefits to these types of exams; for example, the high-quality imaging can help doctors better diagnose certain defects, says Dr. Hakka. Like their traditional two-dimensional counterparts, 3D and 4D ultrasounds are considered safe, as long as they’re conducted by a certified professional based on medical recommendation.
In fact, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration also issued an update in December 2014 urging consumers to avoid these fetal “keepsake” ultrasound images and videos, as well as heartbeat monitors.