Cardiac MRIs showed evidence of heart damage related to reduced blood flow in more than half of the women overall, and in two-thirds of those with a causal finding on the optical coherence tomography images. In 21% of the women, the cardiac MRI showed an inflammatory condition known as myocardial or another reason for heart dysfunction unrelated to artery blockage or blood clotting.
“Additional imaging tests can get to the root of the problem and help health care professionals make an accurate heart attack diagnosis for women and to ensure they receive timely treatment.” Reynolds noted that this study suggests identification of the underlying etiology of MINOR is feasible and has the potential to guide medical therapy for secondary prevention.
Ideally, your doctor should screen you during regular physical exams for risk factors that can lead to a heart attack. If you're in an emergency setting for symptoms of a heart attack, you'll be asked about your symptoms and have your blood pressure, pulse and temperature checked.
You'll be connected to a heart monitor and have tests to see if you're having a heart attack. Sticky patches (electrodes) are attached to your chest and limbs.
Signals are recorded as waves displayed on a monitor or printed on paper. Because injured heart muscle doesn't conduct electrical impulses normally, the ECG may show that a heart attack has occurred or is in progress.
Emergency room doctors will take samples of your blood to check for these proteins, or enzymes. If you've had or are having a heart attack, doctors will take immediate steps to treat your condition.
These tests create images of your heart and chest. Cardiac MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create images of your heart.
For both tests, you lie on a table that slides inside a long tubelike machine. Each minute after a heart attack, more heart tissue deteriorates or dies.
Restoring blood flow quickly helps prevent heart damage. These drugs, also called clot busters, help dissolve a blood clot that's blocking blood flow to your heart.
Emergency room doctors may give you other drugs known as platelet aggregation inhibitors to help prevent new clots and keep existing clots from getting larger. You'll likely be given other medications, such as heparin, to make your blood less “sticky” and less likely to form clots.
This medication, used to treat chest pain (angina), can help improve blood flow to the heart by widening (dilating) the blood vessels. These medications help relax your heart muscle, slow your heartbeat and decrease blood pressure, making your heart's job easier.
In addition to medications, you might have one of these procedures to treat your heart attack : In this procedure, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), doctors guide a long, thin tube (catheter) through an artery in your groin or wrist to a blocked artery in your heart.
The catheter has a special balloon that, once in position, is briefly inflated to open a blocked coronary artery. A metal mesh stent almost is always inserted into the artery to keep it open long term, restoring blood flow to the heart.
Usually, you get a stent coated with a slow-releasing medication to help keep your artery open. In some cases, doctors perform emergency bypass surgery at the time of a heart attack.
Bypass surgery involves sewing veins or arteries in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery, allowing blood flow to the heart to bypass the narrowed section. You'll likely remain in the hospital for several days after blood flow to your heart is restored and your condition is stable.
If cardiac rehab is not recommended during your hospitalization, ask your doctor about it. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.
The most important thing you can do to improve your heart's health is to not smoke. Control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
If one or both of these is high, your doctor can prescribe changes to your diet and medications. Ask your doctor how often you need to have your blood pressure and cholesterol levels monitored.
Excess weight strains your heart and can contribute to high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. Saturated fat, trans fats and cholesterol in your diet can narrow arteries to your heart, and too much salt can raise blood pressure.
Eat a heart -healthy diet that includes lean proteins, such as fish and beans, and fruits and vegetables and whole grains. Rethink workaholic habits and find healthy ways to minimize or deal with stressful events in your life.
Fear, anger, guilt and depression are all common after a heart attack. Discussing them with your doctor, a family member or a friend might help.
Or consider talking to a mental health provider or joining a support group. It's important to mention signs or symptoms of depression to your doctor.
Cardiac rehabilitation programs can be effective in preventing or treating depression after a heart attack. When you can resume sexual activity will depend on your physical comfort, emotional readiness and previous sexual activity.
Some heart medications can affect sexual function. If you're having problems with sexual dysfunction, talk to your doctor.
If your risk is high, you might be referred to a heart specialist (cardiologist). When you make the appointment, ask if there's anything you need to do in advance, such as restrict your diet.
Your symptoms, including any that seem unrelated to coronary artery disease, and when they began Key personnel information, including a family history of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure or diabetes, and recent major stresses or recent life changes All medications, vitamins and other supplements you take, including doses Questions to ask your doctor Take a friend or relative along, if possible, to help you remember the information you're given.