I had a tubal ligation 20 years ago and periods remained on schedule until A year later a chiropractor required I get X-rays. I told that I could be peg ant because I had my tubes tied, and it was safe for me to get the X-ray.
Well, I didn't get my period on the due date nor the day later or a week later. After several negative pregnancy tests and Doctor visit I wasn't pregnant.
I skipped a whole month, then my period was back on schedule as usual until I had another X-ray for a different issue, and it happened again, skipped a month. Now I even refuse unnecessary dental X-rays when going for a simple cleaning because even with the protective shield it will still stop my period for a month.
Mine came 10 early after my x-ray and I am always on schedule I started my period 3 days ago and this morning I had x-rays for lower back pain issues and my period has completely stopped.
The basis of x-rays lies a physical property of x-rays to penetrate the fabric of the human body and ionize the molecules, thereby allowing to obtain black and white images of the study area. In cases of emergency, when requires immediate diagnosis for treatment, menstruation is not a contraindication to the examination, including pelvic.
In some cases, the period of menstruation a woman feels a sharp deterioration of the pain in the lower abdomen, headaches and fatigue can be very intense, so the test is recommended to move forward by a few days. For carrying out hysterosalpingography, paleography for the study of the fallopian tubes, diagnosis of tumors and polyps in the uterus in the cavity of the body is injected with contrast material and a special gas.
During menstruation such manipulation becomes unhygienic and increases the risk of inflammatory and infectious process in the reproductive organs. Besides, to obtain clear images must have an empty bowel, which is difficult when critical days, some women have noted increased gas.
Many things are especially important during pregnancy, such as eating right, cutting out cigarettes and alcohol, and being careful about the prescription and over-the-counter drugs you take. Diagnostic x-rays and other medical radiation procedures of the abdominal area also deserve extra attention during pregnancy.
But sometimes, because of a particular medical condition, your physician may feel that a diagnostic x-ray of your abdomen or lower torso is needed. The risk to you and your unborn child is very small, and the benefit of finding out about your medical condition is far greater.
If you are pregnant, the doctor may decide that it would be best to cancel the x-ray examination, to postpone it, or to modify it to reduce the amount of radiation. Or, depending on your medical needs, and realizing that the risk is very small, the doctor may feel that it is best to proceed with the x-ray as planned.
If radiation or other agents were to cause changes in these cells, there could be a slightly increased chance of birth defects or certain illnesses, such as leukemia, later in life. It should be pointed out, however, that the majority of birth defects and childhood diseases occur even if the mother is not exposed to any known harmful agent during pregnancy.
Scientists believe that heredity and random errors in the developmental process are responsible for most of these problems. There are, however, rare situations in which a woman who is unaware of her pregnancy may receive a very large number of abdominal x-rays over a short period.
This is to prevent damage to your genes that could be passed on and cause harmful effects in your future descendants. It is a good idea to keep a record of the x-ray examinations you and your family have had taken, so you can provide this kind of information accurately.
For example, women may develop masculine characteristics (virilization), such as excess body hair (hirsutism), a deepened voice, and increased muscle size. They may have headaches, vision problems, or a decreased sex drive.
If amenorrhea lasts a long time, problems similar to those associated with menopause may develop. They include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased bone density (osteoporosis), and an increased risk of heart and blood vessel disorders.
Such problems occur because in women who have amenorrhea, the estrogen level is low. Usually if periods never start, girls do not go through puberty, and thus secondary sexual characteristics, such as breasts and pubic hair, do not develop normally.
Each month, this system produces hormones in a certain sequence to prepare the body, particularly the uterus, for pregnancy. When this system works normally and there is no pregnancy, the sequence ends with the uterus shedding its lining, producing a menstrual period.
Less commonly, the hormonal system is functioning normally, but another problem prevents periods from occurring. High levels of prolactin, which stimulates the breasts to produce milk, can result in no periods.
Genetic disorders and birth defects that cause primary amenorrhea may not be noticed until puberty. Sometimes puberty is delayed in girls who do not have a disorder, and normal periods simply begin at a later age.
Poor nutrition (as may occur in women who have an eating disorder or who have lost a significant amount of weight) Less common causes of secondary amenorrhea include chronic disorders (particularly of the lungs, digestive tract, blood, kidneys, or liver), some autoimmune disorders, cancer, HIV infection, radiation therapy, head injuries, a hydatidiform mole (overgrowth of tissue from the placenta), Cushing syndrome, and malfunction of the adrenal glands.
They have no signs of puberty (such as breast development or a growth spurt) by age 13. Periods have not started by age 15 in girls who are growing normally and have developed secondary sexual characteristics.
If girls or women of childbearing age have had menstrual periods that have stopped, they should see a doctor if they have Doctors always do a pregnancy test when they evaluate women for secondary amenorrhea.
Doctors ask about other symptoms that may suggest a cause and about use of drugs, exercise, eating habits, and other conditions that can cause amenorrhea. During the physical examination, doctors determine whether secondary sexual characteristics have developed.
A milky discharge from both nipples: Possible causes include pituitary disorders and drugs that increase levels of prolactin (a hormone that stimulates milk production). Development of masculine characteristics, such as excess body hair, a deepened voice, and increased muscle size: Possible causes include polycystic ovary syndrome, tumors that produce male hormones, and use of drugs such as synthetic male hormones (androgen), antidepressants, or high doses of synthetic female hormones called progestins.
A stressful life event, difficulty concentrating, worry, and sleep problems (too much or too little) ‡ High levels of prolactin (a hormone that stimulates the breasts to produce milk) can result in no periods.
If pregnancy is ruled out, other tests are done based on results of the examination and the suspected cause. If girls have never had a period (primary amenorrhea) and have normal secondary sexual characteristics, testing begins with ultrasonography to check for birth defects that could block menstrual blood from leaving the uterus.
For hysterosalpingography, x-rays are taken after a substance that can be seen on x-rays (a radiopaque contrast agent) is injected through the cervix into the uterus and fallopian tubes. Hysterosalpingography is usually done as an outpatient procedure in a hospital radiology suite.
For example, if women have headaches and vision problems, MRI of the brain is done to check for a pituitary tumor. For example, if an abnormality is blocking the flow of menstrual blood, it is usually surgically repaired, and periods resume.
If a girl's periods never started and all test results are normal, she is examined every 3 to 6 months to check on the progression of puberty. She may be given a progestin and sometimes estrogen to start her periods and to stimulate the development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as breasts.
Treating symptoms and long-term effects of an estrogen deficiency (for example, by taking vitamin D, consuming more calcium in the diet or in supplements, or taking drugs, including hormone therapy and drugs that prevent bone loss such as bisphosphonates for osteoporosis) Unless a woman is pregnant, other testing is usually required to determine the cause of amenorrhea.