People of all ages can suffer from cartilage complications, whether due to ‘wear and tear’ or injury. While the former is much more common in middle-aged patients, and even more so in women, injuries to the joints, such as trauma or accidents during active sports, can affect any age group or gender.
This site is not intended for people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis (RA), gout, avascular necrosis (AVN), and cancer within bones, osteoporosis and other inflammatory or autoimmune diseases. To anyone else who contributed to this important project IRS Office Staff, Medical Writers, Committees, Illustrators and Web Developers, etc.
The information on the Website is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any cartilage related issues. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you have regarding your medical condition.
This video gives more information on the knee and arthritis. Show More Dr. Grant Cooper, MD. Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view.
Although these types of injuries are relatively common, it is important to get the facts so toucan seek the proper treatment options for your condition. Cartilage is the firm, white, flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of the bones.
It provides a smooth cushion, allowing the bones of the joint to move easily without painful contact. When the knee cartilage is injured, the result can be painful and may begin to affect your mobility.
A knee cartilage injury can happen in a number of ways, either suddenly or from general wear and tear. Infection: A condition called septic arthritis, involving inflammation of the joint.
Inflammation: Most forms of arthritis include this painful swelling which affects the cartilage When diagnosing cartilage injuries like those mentioned above, the doctor will perform a physical exam and evaluate your symptoms.
Once a cartilage injury in the knee has been diagnosed, there are a number of treatment options that your doctor may recommend, depending upon the nature of your condition. These options may include rest, lifestyle modification and weight loss, anti-inflammatory medication, or physical therapy.
Although new cartilage cannot grow to take the place of the injured piece, scar tissue may appear; arthroscopy can smooth this out to promote a more natural, pain-free movement of the knee. If you would like more information about these or other potential treatment options for a knee cartilage injury, contact Rothman Orthopedic Institute today.
The urgent care doc said that my septum was a bit off to the R. It's been 2 weeks and my nose is still acutely painful, especially if I put my finger inside the R side of the nose and press inward, even a tiny bit. The hallmark of a nasal fracture is nose bleeding, swelling, and bruising after sustaining trauma.
It sounds like you sustained a fair amount of blunt nasal trauma just two weeks ago. However, routine facial radiographs will most likely miss non-displaced, calcified nasal cartilaginous fractures.
Therefore, please follow-up with an experienced Facial & Reconstructive Cosmetic Surgeon for further work-up of your current problem. You certainly could have broken the cartilage of the septum without breaking the nasal bones.
Hyaline cartilage is present in the joints, nasal septum, and air tube. Elastic cartilage is found in the ear, part of the nose, and the air tube.
Cartilage lacks a blood supply, nerves, and lymphatic system. Hyaline or articular cartilage is very smooth and has low friction, allowing the bones in a joint to glide over one another upon movement.
The articular cartilage serves as the cushion within the joint, and as a shock absorber. When cartilage is damaged or worn away, the affected joint becomes painful, stiff, and limited in its range of motion.
Progressive cartilage degeneration causes pain and inflammation. With severe osteoarthritis, articular cartilage can completely wear away so that the affected joint no longer has its cushion, and it begins to rub bone-on-bone. In such cases, there is significant pain, loss of motion, and functional disability associated with the affected joint.
Loss of articular cartilage creates extra stress on the ends of the bones that form the joint. Osteochondral grafting, autologous chondrocyte implantation, and mesenchymal stem cell regeneration attempt to restore articular cartilage.
With osteochondral grafting, a plug of bone and healthy cartilage is harvested from one area and then transplanted to the other site. Mesenchymal stem cell regeneration is still experimental, but it is thought that MSC scan be derived from bone marrow, placed in a gel matrix, and implanted at the site where new cartilage would develop.
The best chance for preventing or slowing cartilage damage comes with early treatment. Loss of cartilage in one or more joints can be very painful and eventually lead to functional limitations or possibly even disability.
Very well Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
Chiropractic offices offering dead stem cell procedures have been advertising before and after X -rays purporting to show that there is copious new cartilage regrowth in arthritic knees. They usually use FDA-registered tissue products derived from amniotic or cord blood sources that are regulated to be nonviable, and they often tell patients that there are millions of viable and young stem cells in these shots.
Hence, if you take your cell phone light and shine it at your hand and look at the shadow it casts on the desk, that’s basically the same setup. Now if you alter the position of the light source just a tiny bit, the shadow on the desk can change quite dramatically.
Second, even then, we used the same state-of-the-art 3.0 Tesla scanner, with the same exact setting on both images, with the MRI taken close to the same time of day. As a result, these tissues are generally taller in the morning and lose height due to water being pushed out by gravity during the day.
This blog post provides general information to help the reader better understand regenerative medicine, musculoskeletal health, and related subjects. All content provided in this blog, website, or any linked materials, including text, graphics, images, patient profiles, outcomes, and information, are not intended and should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. AI can be used to determine whether someone will develop Osteoarthritis by analyzing cartilage texture three years before it starts wearing away, study found.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins Hospital and others ran an artificial intelligence model over scans of 86 people with no discernible symptoms of osteoarthritis. The machine learning model was about to detect the beginning stages of the condition with 78 per cent accuracy up to three years before symptom onset.
They use artificial intelligence to hunt for patterns in MRI scan images and could even allow for the automated discovery of future damage in cartilage maps. 'Future symptomatic osteoarthritis could potentially be predicted up to three years prior to the current gold standard diagnosis,' the study authors wrote.
They assessed the cartilage in healthy people using their technique and designed a diagnostic system that appears to be able to predict early-stage osteoarthritis. 'With increasing sample size, machine-learning techniques become more robust to variations that may exist within a population,' the team explained.
AI can be used to determine whether someone will develop Osteoarthritis by analyzing cartilage texture three years before it starts wearing away, study found. As there is currently no reliable method to detect pre-symptomatic osteoarthritis at the potentially reversible early stages, this could be a vital step forward.
Spotting it before it starts to damage the joints, the team say future therapies could be developed that may even prevent the disease from taking hold. Researchers also want to do tests that compare actual cartilage chemical conditions to the model predictions to ensure they are accurate.
The method they've developed may even be able to be adapted to detect early stages of other conditions such as cancers, retinopathy and dementia.