(Image credit: Rockstar Games) Prerequisites: High-end apartment, Heist planning room Setup cost: $40,400 Potential earnings: $202,000 (easy), $404,000 (normal), $505,000 (hard) Number of players: 4 But when the task is framed by an over-elaborate, multi-tiered fetch and retrieve quest set inside a video game, that fun quickly turns to tedium.
Job number two of GTA Online’s 2015 heists update roster is hardly that, but it does offer the best and worst of the game’s multiplayer busts. Once inside, getting your cover blown no matter how stealthily you play it is frustrating, but stealing a Buzzard chopper and picking up your escapee pals on the beach is good fun.
(Image credit: Rockstar Games) Prerequisites : High-end apartment, Heist planning room Setup cost: $54,000 Potential earnings: $270,000 (easy), $540,000 (normal), $675,000 (hard) Number of players: 4 There are too many finicky stealth sections for this caper to rank higher, but any mission which involves stealing and flying fighter jets to the tune of Highway to the Danger Zone is undeniably entertaining.
The final part of this heist (known as the Pacific Standard Job) is the apex of GTA Online thievery. The only weak link is the escape, which involves motorbikes and leaves you vulnerable to getting shot and dropping stolen cash as you scarper.
(Image credit: Rock star North) The Data Breaches Setup cost: $65,000 Potential earnings: $650,000 (normal), $812,500 (hard) Number of players: 2-4 As well as flying DMC-12s, this multi-mission quest to save the planet also boasts submarines, jetpacks, underwater cars and a secret military base tucked away inside Mount Chili ad.
Identifier Type Description ANamestringName and text of zone used from the .get file. Stick to 7 char max BTypeintegerType of zone (see below) C, D,EX1, Y1, Z1floatA point which corresponds to the corner of the box, usually the lower left F, G,HX2, Y2, Z2floatA point which corresponds to the opposite corner of the box, usually the upper right ILevelintegerThe level number (see below) -JTextstringText of the zone used from the GET filename that for San Andreas, the text of the zone to be displayed is also related to by an internally hard coded table which links that zone name to its respective audio description for the police radio.
Info.on The info.on, with the help of the main.SCM, controls how cars, beds, and gangs spawn in the map. You can disable the loading of the islands by deleting the entire section.
This zone generally used level number 1 but that column does not seem to have any effect. It also controls which pedestrian and vehicles spawn in that specific zone, with the help of the main.SCM.
Map.on A map of San Andreas' map.on areas, including the hard coded THE MAP breathe map.on controls the island zones and also the type of cop car (LA, SF or LV) if there is no zone, it spawns the country cop car. GTA IV uses the same format as San Andreas, but the section identifier has been changed to moon for type 0.
Forums: Map File Definitions Forums: SA On script for 3DMax, by Jost_Vice Forums: Map IO in Dams script pack, by Km Forums: (SA and IV) Onto in GTA -IV script center, by Force San Andreas' info.on map, by Escobar Almost all gamers have enjoyed GTA games on their computer.
But some people love to play this game on their computer. But some of them don’t want To download the big size of this game.
In this article, you will find the GTA San Andreas highly compressed file for download. GTA San Andreas Highly Compressed file Download GTA (Grand Theft Auto) San Andreas is launched in 2004 on PlayStation 2 and after 1 year launched on Xbox and windows.
This is the 7th title of the Grand Theft Auto series after the GTA vice city. This gameplay of this game is very similar to the GTA vice city.
The whole map of this game is based on California and Nevada. On top of that, you can see the style and language of the character are similar to the city.
GTA San Andreas guns help you to complete missions. You will see several cars, buses, bikes, and helicopters in this game.
Because you can buy guns, cars, and other things in this game. You can earn money by completing missions or beatings, other peoples.
You can basketball, billiards, and we can play casinos games in it. GTA San Andreas Multiplayer: There is a mod in this game.
With this, you can play this game with your friends or player around the world. 500 Players can play this game at the same time on one server.
Country Canada Province Ontario Area • Total7,124.15 km 2 (2,750.65 sq mi)Population • Total6,417,516 • Density849/km 2 (2,199/sq mi)Combined population of Halton, Peel, Toronto, York, Durham Time zone UTC-5 (EST) • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)Postal Code Area code(s)226, 249, 289, 416, 437, 519, 647, 705, 905, 365 According to the 2016 census, the Greater Toronto Area has a total population of 6,417,516. The use of the term involving the four regional municipalities came into formal use in the mid-1980s, after it was used in a widely discussed report on municipal governance restructuring in the region and was later made official as a provincial planning area.
In 2006, the term began to be supplanted in the field of spatial planning as provincial policy increasingly began to refer to either the “Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area” (GTA) or the still-broader Greater Golden Horseshoe “. The latter includes municipalities that satellite the Greater Toronto Area, such as Peterborough, Barrie, Guelph, Kitchener, Waterloo, Cambridge and Niagara Region.
The GTA continues, however, to be in official use elsewhere in the Government of Ontario, such as the Ministry of Finance. Toronto is the largest municipality in the GTA, acting as the area's core.
Brampton, also in Peel Region, is the third largest city in the Greater Toronto Area. Markham is the largest city in York Region, and the fourth largest city in the Greater Toronto Area. Some municipalities considered part of the GTA are not within the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), whose land area (5,904 km 2 in 2006) and population (5,928,040 as of the 2016 census) is thus smaller than the land area and population of the GTA planning area.
For example, Oshawa is the center of its own CMA, yet deemed part of the Greater Toronto Area, while other municipalities, such as New Tecumseh in southern Since County and Mono Township in Duffer in County are included in the Toronto CMA but not in the GTA. These different border configurations result in the GTA's population being higher than the Toronto CMA by nearly one-half a million people, often leading to confusion amongst people when trying to sort out Toronto's urban population.
Other nearby urban areas, such as Hamilton, Barrie, St. Catharines-Niagara or Kitchener-Waterloo, are not part of the GTA or the Toronto CMA, but form their own CMA's near the GTA. Ultimately, all the aforementioned places are part of the Greater Golden Horseshoe metropolitan region, an urban agglomeration, which is the fourth most populous in North America.
When the Hamilton, Oshawa and Toronto CMA's are agglomerated with Brock and Scrog, they have a population of 6,170,072. It is part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis, containing an estimated 59 million people in 2011.
At various times the Neutral, Seneca, Mohawk and Huron nations were living in the vicinity. The Mississauga's arrived in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, driving out the occupying Iroquois.
While it is unclear as to who was the first European to reach the Toronto area, there is no question it occurred in the 17th century. The area would later become very crucial for its series of trails and water routes that led from northern and western Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.
For this reason area became a hot spot for French fur traders. The French would later establish two trading forts, Again Royal in the 1720s, although abandoned within the decade and Fort Mouillé in the 1750s, which would later be burnt down and abandoned in 1759 by the French garrison, who were retreating from invading British forces.
The first large influx of European settlers to settle the region were the United Empire Loyalists arriving after the American Revolution, when various individuals petitioned the Crown for land in and around the Toronto area. In 1787, the British negotiated the purchase of more than a quarter million acres (1,000 km 2) of land in the area of Toronto with the Mississauga's of New Credit.
The Town of York (present-day Toronto) was attacked by American forces at Battle of York, on April 27, 1813; and was subsequently occupied until May 8. The occurred several months later, in July 1813, with two landings in the GTA.
However, finding the British forces too well-entrenched for any assault to be successful, the American naval force withdrew and proceeded east towards York. The American landings at York on July 31 went unopposed, with most of the soldiers garrisoned at York directed to defend Burlington Heights.
The occurred a year later, when an American naval squadron arrived outside of York's harbor on August 6, 1814. The squadron dispatched USS Lady of the Lake to enter the harbor in order to gauge the town's defenses, where it briefly exchanged cannon fire with Fort York before withdrawing to rejoin the American squadron outside the harbor.
American forces did not attempt a landing during this incursion, although remained outside York's harbor for three days before departing. Although the original boundaries of York County encompassed nearly all the GTA, by 1851, its boundaries had been reduced to the present-day City of Toronto and York Region as depicted on the 1871 map.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The idea towards a streamlined local government to control local infrastructure was made as early as 1907 by member of federal Parliament, and founder of the Toronto Globe, William Findlay Maclean, who called for the expansion of the government of the former City of Toronto in order to create a Greater Toronto.
The idea for a single government municipality would not be seriously explored until the late 1940s when planners decided the city needed to incorporate its immediate suburbs. However, due to strong opposition from suburban politicians, a compromise was struck, which resulted in the creation of Metropolitan Toronto.
In 1953, the portion of York County south of Steele's Avenue, a concession road and township boundary, was severed from the county and incorporated as the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto. Originally, the membership in Metropolitan Toronto included the City of Toronto and five townships: East York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough and York ; as well as seven villages and towns, which became amalgamated into their surrounding townships in 1967.
The early Metro Toronto government debated over the annexation of surrounding townships of Markham, Pickering and Vaughan. The first Metro Toronto Chairman, Frederick Goldwyn Gardiner, planned on the conversion of these townships into boroughs of the Metro Toronto government.
In 1971, the remaining areas of York County was replaced by the Ontario government with the Regional Municipality of York. In 1974, Ontario and Durham Counties were reorganized to become the Regional Municipality of Durham; Pickering west of Rouge River was transferred to Scarborough at that time.
In 1980, North York would be incorporated into a city, with York following suit in 1983 and Etobicoke and Scarborough in 1984, although still part of the Metropolitan Toronto municipal government. Despite this however, there was fear different parts of the municipal system were working against one another.
Because of this, Bob Rae, then the Premier of Ontario, appointed Anne Golden to head a GTA task force to govern the region's quality of life, competitiveness and governance. During this time, the Metro Toronto government advocated to the task force the creation of a new GTA authority, which would be made up of 21 of the 30 existing municipalities in the GTA at the time.
The proposal from Metro Toronto would have resulted in 15 new municipalities. The City of Mississauga argued consolidation should only take place in such a way the new municipalities would have a population between 400,000 and 800,000.
The Town of Markham had similarly advocated municipal consolidation in York Region, although it was opposed to complete consolidation into a single municipality. Municipal consolidation faced stiff opposition however from smaller communities such as Ajax, Milton, and the borough of East York.
The task force's recommendation to eliminate the Metro Toronto government, and consolidate its remaining municipalities into an enlarged City of Toronto was completed in 1997, under Mike Harris Common Sense Revolution. However, the task force's recommendation to create a GTA -tier municipality was not taken up by the Harris government, fearing a GTA -wide municipality would recreate the inter-municipal competitiveness that was believed to have impaired the former Metro Toronto government.
Metrolink, an agency of the Government of Ontario, was established to oversee public transit development across the Greater Toronto Area. Vast parts of the region remain farmland and forests, making it one of the distinctive features of the geography of the GTA.
For the most part designated as parkland, the ravines are largely undeveloped. Much of these areas also constitute the Toronto ravine system and a number of conservation areas in the region which are managed by Toronto and Region Conservation Authority.
The Cheltenham Badlands is an example of environmental degradation due to poor agricultural practice. The Scarborough Bluffs are part of the Glacial Lake Iroquois shoreline.
In 2005, the Government of Ontario also passed legislation to prevent urban development and sprawl on environmentally sensitive land in the Greater Toronto Area, known as the Greenbelt, many of these areas including protected sections of the Oak Ridges Moraine, Rouge Park and the Niagara Escarpment. Nevertheless, low-density suburban developments continue to be built, some on or near ecologically sensitive and protected areas.
The provincial government has recently attempted to address this issue through the “Places to Grow” legislation passed in 2005, which emphasizes higher-density growth in existing urban centers over the next 25 years. The Greater Toronto Area is classified as a humid continental climate, according to the Köppen climate classification.
In winter, which begins in December and ends in March, typical high temperatures will range from 5 to 2 °C (23 to 36 °F) and low temperatures from 11 to 6 °C (12 to 21 °F). Occasional cold spells hold daytime highs below 10 °C (14 °F) for several days, while low temperatures sometimes drop below 18 °C (0 °F).
Mild spells are also a feature of Toronto's winter, with temperatures occasionally surpassing 5 °C (41 °F) for several days. Spring is short and often mild, although snow sometimes falls as late as April.
Summer is warm, sometimes hot and humid and begins in June and ends in late September. High temperatures typically range from 24 °C (75 °F) to 31 °C (88 °F) while low temperatures hover around 15 °C (59 °F) in the suburbs and 18–20 °C (64–68 °F) downtown and near the lake.
Although fairly sunny, summers do feature occasional heavy, thundery showers. Heat wave conditions featuring temperatures between 32 °C (90 °F) and 35 °C (95 °F) are not uncommon.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The Greater Toronto Area is a commercial, distribution, financial and economic center, being the second largest financial center in North America.
The economies of the municipalities in Greater Toronto are largely intertwined. The work force is made up of approximately 2.9 million people and more than 100,000 companies The Greater Toronto Area produces nearly 20% of the entire nation's GDP with $323 Billion, and from 1992 to 2002, experienced an average GDP growth rate of 4.0% and a job creation rate of 2.4% (compared to the national average GDP growth rate of 3% and job creation rate of 1.6%).
Greater Toronto has the largest regional economy in Canada, with its GDP surpassing the province of Quebec in 2015. A worker at Oakville Assembly installs a battery on a Ford Flex.
In 2010 the automotive industry accounted for roughly 10 percent of Greater Toronto's GDP. In 2010, over 51% of the labor force in the Greater Toronto Area is employed in the service sector, with 19% in the manufacturing, 17% of the labor force employed in wholesale & retail trade, 8% of the labor force involved in transportation, communication & utilities, and 5% of the workforce is involved in construction. Despite the fact the service industry makes up only 51% of Greater Toronto's workforce, over 72% of the region's GDP is generated by service industries.
Markham also attracted the highest concentration of high tech companies in Canada, and because of it, has positioned itself as Canada's High-Tech Capital. The Greater Toronto Area is the second largest automotive center in North America (after Detroit).
General Motors, Ford and Chrysler run six assembly plants in the area, with Honda and Toyota having assembly plants just outside the GTA. General Motors, Ford, Honda, KIA, Mazda, Suzuki, Nissan, Volkswagen, Toyota, Hyundai, Aston Martin, Jaguar, Land Rover, Subaru, Volvo, BMW, and Mitsubishi have chosen the Greater Toronto Area for their Canadian headquarters.
Magma International, the world's most diversified car supplier, also has its headquarters in Aurora. There were 3,707 farms in the Greater Toronto Area according to the 2006 census. While it was once the most dominant industry for residents in the Greater Toronto Area, agriculture now occupies a small percentage of the population, but still a large part of land in the surrounding four regional municipalities.
Almost every community in the GTA is currently experiencing a decrease in the acreage of farmland, with Mississauga seeing the most significant. The only communities in the GTA which are experiencing a growth in the acreage of farmland are Aurora, Georgina, Newmarket, Oshawa, Richmond Hill and Scrog, with Markham experiencing neither any growth nor decline.
The average size of the farm in the GTA (74 hectares (183 acres)) is much lower than the farms in the rest of Ontario (averaging 94 hectares (233 acres)). This has been attributed to the shift of farm types in the GTA from the traditional livestock and cash crop farms (requiring an extensive land base), towards more intensive enterprises including greenhouse, agriculture, nursery, vegetable, fruit, sheep and goats.
The most numerous farms types in the GTA are miscellaneous specialty farms (including horse and pony, sheep and lamb, and other livestock specialty), followed by cattle, grain and oil seed, dairy and field crop farms. Although the output of dairy production has dropped with farms from within the GTA, dairy has remained the most productive sector in the agricultural industry by annual gross farm receipts.
Despite the decreased amount of farmland around the region, farm capital value increased from $5.2 billion in 1996 to $6.1 billion in 2001, making the average farm capital value in the GTA continued to be the highest in the province. There are a number of public transportation operators within the Greater Toronto Area, providing services within their jurisdictions.
While these operators are largely independent, provisions are being made to integrate them under Metrolink, which manages transportation planning including public transport in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area. GO Transit, which merged with Metrolink during the late 2000s, is Ontario's only interregional public transit service, linking the communities in the GTA and the city of Hamilton, as well as the rest of the Greater Golden Horseshoe.
Implementation of a Presto card by Metrolink has created a common means for all fare payments and allows for seamless connection between these and other transit operators. The TTC operates the Toronto subway system, which runs in Toronto and in Vaughan, the latter of which began to be served by the system in December 2017 with an extension of Line 1 to Vaughan Metropolitan Center station on Highway 7 at Jane Street.
As the GTA predicts Toronto Pearson would be unable to be the sole provider for the bulk of Toronto's commercial air traffic in the next 20 years from the report's publication in 2004 (i.e. in 2024), they believe a new airport in Pickering would address the need for a regional/reliever airport east of Toronto Pearson, as well as complement the airport in Hamilton, Ontario. The GTA also stated the new airport would create more opportunities for economic development in the eastern region of the Greater Toronto Area.
In a 1993 zone split, Metropolitan Toronto retained the 416 code, while the other municipalities of the Greater Toronto Area were assigned the new area code 905. This division by area code has become part of the local culture to the point where local media refer to something inside Toronto as “the 416” and outside of Toronto as “the 905”.
For example, the Raptors 905 basketball team in the NBA G League is named after the area code the team represents. Though for the most part, the use of the area 905 as shorthand for the suburban areas outside Toronto city limits was correct, it is not entirely true as some portions of Durham and York Regions use the 705 area code.
Furthermore, there are areas, such as Hamilton, the Regional Municipality of Niagara and Port Hope (in Northumberland County) that use the 905 area code, but are not part of the GTA. The unincorporated community of Acton (in Halton Hills), is the only community in the GTA that uses the 519 area code, which covers most of Southwestern Ontario.
To meet the increased demand for phone numbers, two overlay area codes were introduced in 2001. Some individuals within the 905 area code region may have to dial long distance to reach each other; although residents of Mississauga and Hamilton share the same area code (905), an individual from Toronto, for example, would have to dial 1 to reach Hamilton, but not to reach Mississauga.
Ten-digit telephone dialing, including the area code for local calls, is required throughout the GTA. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
Federally, the Conservatives, Liberals, and the New Democrats (NDP) all hold several electoral districts in the GTA. The City of Toronto has often been supportive of the Liberal Party.
Traditionally, Liberal support is strongest in Downtown Toronto, while Conservative support is stronger in the surrounding communities outside Toronto. The Greater Toronto Area has the ability to influence election results and determine the governing party in Canada, due in part to its large population and riding count.
From 1993 to 2011, a center-right party failed to win a single seat in the former Metro Toronto. In the 2011 election, however, a surge in NDP support combined with a collapse in Liberal support allowed the Conservatives to win eight seats in Toronto itself, and another 24 in the suburbs.
The election of 2011 showed Liberal support, based on votes in the GTA, had collapsed from 43.7% to 30.6%, giving the Liberals only 14.9% of the local seats in the House of Commons. However, the support of the Conservatives and NDP increased accordingly, with the Conservatives increasing their vote share from 31.5% to 42.2% (and capturing 68.1% of the GTA seats) and the NDP increasing from 14.6% to 23.2% of the vote and 17% of the local Federal riding.
In the 2015 federal election, the Liberals regained their dominance of the GTA after suffering devastating losses there four years earlier. They defeated a number of prominent incumbents from both the NDP and the Conservatives.
Both the NDP and the Conservatives suffered heavily as their support collapsed in the inner city and the suburbs respectively. Only a few Conservatives held onto their seats in the outer ring of the GTA, while the NDP failed to elect any MPs in this area.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. On the provincial level of government, the Progressive Conservatives, Liberals, and the New Democrats all hold electoral districts in the GTA.
While the GTA provided a strong base of support for the Progressive Conservative government between 1995 and 2003, the Ontario Liberal Party roared to victory in the GTA during the 2003 election and has enjoyed strong support from the region ever since. In the 2011 election, the Liberals won 33 of the 44 available seats in the GTA, allowing Premier Dalton McGuinty to hold onto a minority government.
The 2014 election under McGuinty's successor, Kathleen Wynne, was an even bigger electoral landslide for the Liberals, as they won 38 seats in the region. They even took a number of riding in territory that had voted PC for decades, like Durham, Burlington, Newmarket-Aurora and Halton.
The PCs hold no seats in the Peel Region, and only one seat in each of the Halton, York, and Durham regions. While the NDP has been weak in the GTA since the 1995 election, they have seen some successes in Brampton and the Durham Region, where they hold one seat each.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario has not won a riding in the city of Toronto during a general election since 1999. On the other end of the spectrum, the NDP saw major losses in Toronto during the 2014 election, and only hold two seats in the city.
This is no longer the case since the 2018 provincial election, as the Progressive Conservatives and the NDP made significant gains at the expense of the Liberals. In 2011, 244 politicians govern the Greater Toronto Area below the provincial and federal levels, holding offices in cities, towns, and regional municipalities.
Unusual for a large North American urban agglomeration, the GTA has very few agencies with powers that can cross boundaries. Attempts to create an interregional organization have been made, such as the Province of Ontario's Office of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) in 1988 and the Greater Toronto Services Board (NTSB) in 1998, but have failed due to a lack of real authority in these agencies.
According to the latest census data from 2016 from Statistics Canada, the population of this area is 6,417,516. Population growth studies have projected the City of Toronto's population in 2031 to be 3,000,000 and the Greater Toronto Area's population to be 7,450,000, while the Ontario Ministry of Finance states it could reach 7.7 million by 2025.
Statistics Canada identified in 2001 that four major urban regions in Canada exhibited a cluster pattern of concentrated population growth among which included the Greater Golden Horseshoe Census Region, which includes all the Greater Toronto Area (which includes Oshawa), as well as other Southern Ontario cities including Niagara, Hamilton, Guelph, Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo and Barrie. The Toronto CMA also has the largest proportions of foreign-born residents (46%) as a share of the total population out of all metropolitan areas in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The Toronto region is also unusually diverse over the composition of its ethnicities. This is opposed to the four largest foreign-born populations of other metropolitan areas such as New York and London, where they make up 25% of their respective foreign-born populations.
Three of these GTA -based public school boards also manage institutions outside Greater Toronto, the two French first language school boards, based in Toronto, as well as the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board (DPC DSB). Conversely, English first language public schools in Clarington, a municipality within Durham Region, are managed by school boards based outside the GTA.
Another publicly-funded college, College Boreal, also maintains a satellite campus in Toronto. However, College Boreal's main campus, and administration, is based outside the GTA, in Greater Sudbury.
There also are eleven private religious universities spread throughout the GTA. ^ Adopters include the regional transportation planning body Metrolink, the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure and the Regional Municipality of Halton.
^ Maximum and minimum temperature data at The Annex was recorded by human observers from March 1840 to June 2003 under the station name “TORONTO”. From July 2003 to present, climate data has been recorded by an automatic weather station under the name “TORONTO CITY”.
^ a b The school board is based outside the GTA, although it operates schools in Clarington, a municipality in Durham Region. ^ In addition to the Greater Toronto Area, Durham College also operates a campus in Cyborg, and Port Hope, two municipalities situated outside Greater Toronto Area.
^ In addition to the Greater Toronto Area, Humber College also operates a campus in Franceville, a municipality situated outside the Greater Toronto Area. ^ In addition to the Greater Toronto Area, Seneca College also operates a campus in Peterborough, a municipality situated outside Greater Toronto Area.
^ The University DE l'Ontario Français was formally established in April 2018, although it is not expected to accept its first cohort of full-time students until 2021. ^ “Places to Grow: Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe” (PDF).
^ a b Solomon, Lawrence “Toronto sprawls: a history.” University of Toronto Press; 1 edition, ISBN 0-7727-8618-6 p3 ^ “About Us”.
Understanding the Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. The constituent CMA's are Toronto (5,113,149), Hamilton (692,911), Oshawa (330,594), Brock(11,979) and Scrog(21,439) for a total agglomerated population of 6,170,072.
^ Solomon, Lawrence “Toronto sprawls: a history.” University of Toronto Press; 1 edition, ISBN 0-7727-8618-6 p3-8 ^ Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto Act Archived January 5, 2011, at the Payback Machine, Queen's Printer for Ontario.
^ Rose, Albert “Governing metropolitan Toronto: a social and political analysis, 1953–1971” Institute of Governmental Studies; University of California Press; 1st edition, ISBN 0-520-02041-3 p.107, 166 ^ Fletcher, Thomas Hobbs “From Love Canal to environmental justice: the politics of hazardous waste on the Canada-U.S. border” University of Toronto Press, ISBN 1-55111-434-8 p28 ^ Sanction, Andrew “Merger mania: the assault on local government” McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0-7735-2163-1 p.114 ^ Sanction, Andrew “Merger mania: the assault on local government” McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0-7735-2163-1 p.115 ^ Sanction, Andrew “Merger mania: the assault on local government” McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0-7735-2163-1 p.116 ^ City of Toronto Act, 1997 Archived October 17, 2015, at the Payback Machine, Queen's Printer for Ontario. ^ Sanction, Andrew “Merger mania: the assault on local government” McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0-7735-2163-1 p.121 ^ Population and land area figures for Toronto and the regional municipalities come from the 2006 Canadian census: Archived September 6, 2007, at the Payback Machine.
^ About Us Archived October 15, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Rouge National Urban Park. ^ Jurisdiction and Participating Municipalities Archived January 25, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority.
^ “Toronto's key industry clusters: Financial services”. ^ a b c d e The Greater Toronto Area (GTA): Canada's Primary Economic Locomotive in Need of Repairs Archived January 7, 2011, at the Payback Machine, ” TD Financial.
^ Archived October 27, 2005, at the Payback Machine ^ Top 10 Reasons for Investing in the GTA Archived March 5, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Marketing Alliance. ^ Labor Force Archived April 19, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Marketing Alliance.
^ a b c Financial Services Archived February 14, 2011, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Marketing Services. ^ Markham's High-Tech Companies in The Bran ham Top 300 Canadian IT Companies Archived June 10, 2011, at the Payback Machine, Town of Markham.
^ Automotive & Advanced Manufacturing Archived February 17, 2011, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Marketing Alliance. ^ Contact Us Archived November 14, 2008, at the Payback Machine, Magma International.
^ a b GTA Agricultural Profile Archived March 26, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Area Agricultural Action Committee. ^ a b c d e GREATER TORONTO AREA AGRICULTURAL PROFILE UPDATE Archived February 20, 2009, at the Payback Machine, ” Greater Toronto Area Agricultural Action Committee.
^ The Big Move Archived April 7, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Metrolink. Archived April 3, 2018, at the Payback Machine, GO Transit.
^ About PRESTO Archived July 6, 2011, at the Payback Machine, Queen's Printer for Ontario. ^ Public Transportation Archived March 5, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Greater Toronto Marketing Alliance.
^ “Ontario government investing $401 million to upgrade Highway 401”. Highway 401 is the world's busiest highway in the world and a vital link in Ontario's transportation infrastructure that carries more than 400,000 vehicles per day through Toronto.
^ Highway 401 Archived March 25, 2010, at the Payback Machine, Cameron Beers. ^ http://www.torontopearson.com/40million/# Archived December 27, 2015, at the Payback Machine ^ Passenger Statistics 2008 , Greater Toronto Airports Authority.
^ a b c Pickering Airport Draft Plan Report Originally published 2004 Archived November 15, 2008, at the Payback Machine, ” GTA Pickering Project. ^ “Toronto Island airport set new passenger record last year”.
^ Toronto to get extra area code Archived June 4, 2011, at the Payback Machine, CBC News. ^ Telecommunications Alliance | New area codes for the Greater Toronto Area Archived September 25, 2011, at the Payback Machine.
^ GTA Liberal riding shut out vote-hungry Tories”. “How Toronto Lost Its Groove, and why the rest of Canada should resist the temptation to cheer” Archived November 21, 2011, at the Payback Machine, The Walrus, Toronto, November 2011.
^ Sanction, Andrew “Merger Mania” McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0-7735-2163-1 p113 ^ Lu, Vanessa (July 15, 2009). “ ^ a b e/?search=browseRepealed&context= Greater Toronto Services Board Act, 1998, Queen's Printer for Ontario.
Cities in transition: growth, change and governance in six metropolitan areas. ^ Archived September 24, 2005, at the Payback Machine, Statistics Canada.
^ Archived March 15, 2010, at the Payback Machine, City of Toronto. ^ Ministry of Training, Colleges; Universities, Ontario (2010).
^ Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities (January 1, 2010). CS1 main: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities (November 18, 2007).
CS1 main: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities (April 24, 2009). CS1 main: multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Office of Public Relations, McMaster University (June 17, 2009).
^ University of Guelph and Humber Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning (2005). ^ Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities (March 16, 2007).