Your job is simple, build a thriving, beautiful Zoo and make sure animals are happy. Build a home for new animals and add some trees, ponds and other natural elements they need to stay happy.
The life simulation and RPG elements in this game haven’t been discussed much by the developers but according to the images released, there is plenty to do outside of Zoo Keeping. The open world will possibly function as a means to gather resources needed for the crafting and building system.
All of these numbers have been inspired by a program which is no longer available to purchase as it is discontinued. Peter, a publishing executive, is reading on his favorite bench in New York City’s Central Park.
In 2004 Edward Albee delved deeper into The History by adding a first act, Homelike, which precedes Peter’s fateful meeting with Jerry on the Central Park bench. The double bill was collectively titled Peter & Jerry, until 2009 when it was renamed At Home at the Zoo.
Plot Summary and Critical Analysis by Michelle Dodson MISTER, I’VE BEEN TO THE ZOO !” exclaims Jerry, a man in his late thirties who are “carelessly dressed but not poorly,” to Peter, who is at this particular moment sitting alone on a bench in Central Park in New York City, reading a book.
Peter is slightly older than Jerry and is described as wearing “tweeds” and “carries horn-rimmed glasses” along with a pipe. In this opening scene of Albee’s first produced play, Jerry begins what turns out to be a long exchange with Peter, who politely acknowledges this total stranger but hopes soon to return to his book.
Jerry asks Peter personal questions about his home life, learning that along with his wife and two daughters, Peter’s household contains “two cats” and “two parakeets.” Jerry questions Peter about where he lives before beginning his own lengthy description of the condition and the surrounding neighbors of his “four- story brownstone rooming house on the Upper West Side.” From Jerry’s description, Peter concludes that “It doesn’t sound like a very nice place to live.” Peter learns that Jerry has no family and his relationships do not last or mean anything, other than a fling he had at fifteen about which he describes himself as having been a “h-o-m-o-s-e-x-u-a-l” for a week and a half. Instead of explaining the zoo story, ” Jerry begins to talk about his rooming house again, specifically about his landlady and her dog.
He states that his landlady, whom he describes as “a bag of garbage,” is constantly trying to sleep with him while the dog, a “black monster of a beast,” never lets Jerry past without attempting to attack him. “I’m afraid I must tell you,” Jerry states, “I wanted the dog to live so that I could see what our new relationship might come to.” Jerry interrupts his story to talk about his problem with connecting with people, ultimately stating that “if not people…SOMETHING.
Just that; a dog.” The dog does survive the attempted poisoning and Jerry describes their first reencounter as the first moment that he was able to “make contact.” After a moment of silence, Jerry finishes his story, explaining to Peter that now he and the dog “have an understanding” and that he has “learned that neither kindness nor cruelty by themselves, independent of each other, creates any effect beyond themselves”; rather, the “two combined, together, at the same time, are the teaching emotion.” Jerry responds by tickling Peter’s ribs, causing him to laugh uncontrollably.
Jerry explains he went to the zoo to “find out more about the way people exist with animals, and the way animals exist with each other….” Jerry then suddenly pokes Peter in the arm and tells him to move over on the bench. Jerry continues to poke Peter again and again, harder each time, demanding that he move over.
After Peter agrees to fight Jerry for the bench, Jerry pulls out a knife and throws it at Peter’s feet, to make it a more even fight. Jerry staggers backward, the knife still embedded in him, and falls on the bench which the two men had just been fighting over.
Dear Peter.” Jerry wipes the knife clean of Peter’s fingerprints and tells him to leave, concluding that Peter is “no longer a vegetable,” rather he is now “an animal, too.” The play ends with Peter grabbing his book and rushing offstage screaming, “Oh my god!” while Jerry dies alone on the bench. Edward Albee wrote The History in 1958, and it was first performed in Germany the following year during the Berlin Festival.
The play’s themes of “fragmentation, alienation, and isolation” have led many critics to classify The History as an absurdist drama. However, even in The Theater of the Absurd, the book which first attached the absurd label to Albee, Martin ESSTIN concludes that Albee’s play does not fall into this category and “ultimately fails as an absurdist drama.” Speaker Bailey agrees with ESSTIN, saying that the “play does not end on an absurdist note” and that “the characters and the audience are left with a story full of purpose and meaning.” Albee uses his spokesman character to relay the importance of communication since throughout the play Jerry tries to establish contact with Peter by telling him stories.
Albee ultimately uses the shock of the violence at the play’s conclusion in order to “instill in his audience the idealistically American call to action to change the world for the better.” However, many critics still argue that The History does in fact fall into the classification of the Theater of the Absurd.
Philip C. Colin states that Albee uses “techniques and ideas from the ‘absurdist’ plays of European playwrights such as Beckett, Genet, and Ionesco.” Colin further states that Albee’s ideas are “distinctively American, pressing for American change and reform.” Brian Way expands on this idea of absurdist by referring to The History as “belonging to the second level of the Theater of the Absurd,” which he then goes on to explain as showing “a brilliantly inventive sense of what can be done with the techniques, but stops short of the metaphysics which makes the techniques completely meaningful.” In other words, The History tries to somewhat explain the way the world works. However, it never directly provides us with a concrete solution, which helps to define it as an absurdist play.
Way then describes the “pseudo- crisis” of an absurd play as occurring when “a similar complex of tensions is brought to a head without resolving anything…emphasizing that complexity and tension are permanent and unresolvable elements of a world of confusion,” while in a dramatic play the crisis serves as a way to advance the story’s action. In this view, by the end of The History nothing has truly been resolved between Jerry and Peter; their inability to establish a human connection is insurmountable.
The dynamic between Jerry and Peter is another important factor in critics’ discussion of The History, as Gilbert Deutsche defines one of the primary themes to be “the virulent criticism of bourgeois complacency, of the hypocrisy of a good conscience, the emptiness of the false values of American life supported by advertising and pseudo-intellectual magazines.” In this regard, Peter is the representative of the bourgeois class and Jerry can be seen as an outsider who ultimately observes and criticizes the norm. As Deutsche states, the “complacency” that accompanies Peter in the beginning of the play, even through his continued discussion with Jerry, remains at the end.
The cause of this particular type of personality is the result of Jerry losing his parents and ultimately himself. This in turn leads Jerry to experience a type of “abandonment depression,” in which he cannot escape and ultimately loses his ability to make connections.
However, a less tragic interpretation of the action is that Jerry is seen to represent the “Existential hero” because he makes his own decisions and ultimately chose when and where he is going to die. When specifically examining the final scene of The History, some critics note many similarities to the biblical Peter and the relation between Jerry and Jesus.
Jerry, like Jesus, embodies an outcast whose sole purpose is to “establish contact.” When Jerry begins to tell the story about the dog, the dog becomes a representation of “Cerberus,” the guardian of the entrance to hell, through Jerry’s description: “all black with flaming eyes.” Jerry’s journey from the zoo to Central Park can also be an allegory for “Christ’s decent into Hell and Resurrection,” both of which must happen before “Redemption” can occur. The simple way in which Jerry talks to Peter are reminiscent of the Gospels, which are also written in colloquial diction.
In other words, Jerry dies “to save Peter’s soul from death by spiritual starvation.” However, this idea is not supported by every critic, as Mary Castigate Anderson states that there is no biblical allusion; rather, the ending of the play signifies Jerry as the guide or “teacher” to Peter’s maturity and autonomy.” Overall, The History operates as a vehicle for various levels of human interaction and communication, ultimately showing humanity’s need for contact, as well as the broader sense of the differences between economic classes and the idea of complacency during this period of American history. Patricia De La Fuentes, Donald E. Fritz, Jan Scale, and Dora Schmidt.
Edinburg, TX: School of Humanities, Pan American U, 1980. Speaker Bailey, Lisa M. “Absurdly American: Rediscovering the Representation of Violence in The History.” Edward Albee: A Casebook.
The play explores themes of isolation, loneliness, miscommunication as anathematization, social disparity and dehumanization in a materialistic world. Today, professional theater companies can produce The History either as a part of Edward Albee's at Home at the Zoo (originally titled Peter and Jerry), or as a standalone play.
Its prequel, Homelike, written in 2004, however, can only be produced as a part of Edward Albee's at Home at the Zoo. The play premiered in the United States Off-Broadway in a production by Theater 1960 at the Provincetown Playhouse on January 14, 1960, and closed on May 21, 1961.
Directed by Milton Kansas, the cast was William Daniels (Peter) and George Malaria (Jerry). Peter is a wealthy publishing executive with a wife, two daughters, two cats, and two parakeets.
Jerry is an isolated and disheartened man, desperate to have a meaningful conversation with another human being. He intrudes on Peter’s peaceful state by interrogating him and forcing him to listen to stories about his life and the reason behind his visit to the zoo.
The action is linear, unfolding in front of the audience in “real time”. The elements of ironic humor and unrelenting dramatic suspense are brought to a climax when Jerry brings his victim down to his own savage level.
Jerry begins pushing Peter off the bench and challenges him to fight for his territory. Bleeding on the park bench, Jerry finishes his zoo story by bringing it into the immediate present: “Could I have planned all this.
Horrified, Peter runs away from Jerry, whose dying words, “Oh...my... God”, are a combination of scornful mimicry and supplication. Christopher Wattenberg wrote of The History : “Over the years, he'd always had a nagging feeling that something was missing from the piece’s unsettling encounter between two very different men on a Central Park bench ...” Albee said: The History is a good play.
In addition to discussions about his adding an act and a character nearly 50 years after writing the original play, the theater community was taken aback by Albee's announcement that he would no longer permit The History to be produced by professional theater companies. Albee defended the change and the addition of a female character, Peter's wife.
At Home at the Zoo had its premiere Pittsburgh production and was the inaugural show for the Ghost light Theater Troupe in Gibson, PA in July 2010. It starred Rich McKenzie as Peter, Mary Romeo as Ann and Ned Johnstone as Jerry and was directed by Gabe Her linger.
At Home at the Zoo opened on February 23, 2018, at New York's The Signature Theater, starring Katie Finnegan, Robert Sean Leonard and Paul Sparks. The History is a central element in the novel Nissan habitat Al-Hasan (The zoo story), by Moroccan playwright and novelist Yusuf Fail, published DAR almanac, Casablanca, 2008, which deals with the milieu of actors and playwrights in the 1970s Morocco and Moroccans in Paris.
Archived July 16, 2012, at Archive. Today, Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide, Retrieved June 28, 2007 ^ Caldwell, Martin. “Drama and Performance”, American Culture in the 1950s, Edinburgh University Press, 2007, ISBN 0748618856, p. 107.
^ “Edward Albee Play at Place DE Arts”, The Montreal Gazette, October 10, 1964. Act II: The Zoo Story (review)” Theater Journal 56.4, 991-993 (muse.JHU.edu), December 2004 ^ Peter and Jerry ".