The Red Wiggler grows to 1 1/2 to 4 inches making it a superb food choice for fish, chickens, pet turtles and lizards. Wigglers are very active on the hook, and last longer underwater than other fishing baits.
The Red Wiggler breeds by lying next to another worm but in opposite direction. After the worms separate, the flagellum secrete albumin which forms a cocoon.
These cocoons are round and change color during the development cycle, first white, then yellow and lastly brown. The use of eggshells sprinkled on top of bedding helps control PH level.
Manure from horses, cows and rabbits are good as long as they have been composted a little, so they don't heat up worm bin. Some notable exceptions: Citrus Fruits, meat dairy, human and pet feces, oils and oily food.
Sort byFeaturedPrice, low to high Price, high to alphabetically, Alphabetically, Oldest to NewestNewest to Oldest Best Selling Whether you are a worm composter and fisherman wanting to raise your own bait, or you want to start selling red wigglers to fishermen and bait shops, this article will give you some tips on raising worms for fishing.
Specifically, you will learn how to fatten up red wiggler worms, so they are more suitable for fish bait. Use the below recipe to fatten up your worms to make them easier to get on the hook and more visible to hungry fish.
In order to fatten up your red wigglers for use in fishing, consider adding a few of the below foods to your composting worms diet. By nature, red wiggler worms live in tight, close colonies.
Red worms, however, are capable of remaining alive for several hours (or longer) and continue to wiggle temptingly on the hook. The best places to use red worms as bait are in rivers and streams as trout, walleye, bluegill, perch, and bass find them irresistible.
Unless you're selling red worms as a business, after a year or so of raising them you may find that you're producing even more than you need for fishing and your vermicomposting bins. Don't forget that many creatures will enjoy worms including your chickens, pond fish, and wildlife.
The food can be your table scraps, decaying fruits and vegetable, horse, cow, pig, rabbit manure, newspapers and damp cardboard. Red worm castings are a natural fertilizer for your plants, they don’t burn roots.
Gardeners LOVE the fertilizer benefits they get from the red worm castings, their plants grow bigger, faster, and improves crop yield. You can order wholesale composting worms in bulk (more than 10 pounds); we have no limit on sale purchases.
Eugenia Fetid is probably the most common of these 2, although the difference is not easily distinguished without scientific analysis. They are pretty active on the hook and as a result, seem to attract fish fairly well.
Because they can tolerate a huge range of temperatures they do not require refrigeration and if given the right conditions they will stay alive and vibrant for their entire lifespan and even reproduce for you, multiplying at an incredible rate. This worm as its name implies comes primarily from Canada and from some of the most northern states of the U.S. Canadian Nightcrawlers cannot be raised in captivity without extreme difficulty, in fact, we know of no one who has been successfully able to do so.
This says a lot since fishing in Australia is about as huge as baseball is in the United States. If I were guessing, I would bet that fishing is the second favorite pastime after drinking beer, and of course, they often go very nicely together.
From our friends in Australia who raise African Nightcrawlers, they say it has been their most popular fishing worm. One of the other difficulties with African Nightcrawlers is also that they are very sensitive to cold temperatures, they start dying at approximately 50-60 degrees and below, so if you put these guys into your refrigerator you will kill them for sure.
African Nightcrawlers are some of the best and fastest composters around, in fact, they eat/process 2 to 3 times as much food as Wigglers. However, they also are telling me that there is another worm that is catching up and will probably pass the African Nightcrawler in popularity once the availability increases and the prices go down.
George Min gin, the owner of Kookaburra Worm Farms also advised that African Nightcrawlers are of no use fishing in salt water, they die very quickly. The scientific name for the European Nightcrawler(Euros) is Eugenia forensic, so as you can see from the name it is in the same Genus.
They are very active on the hook, they tolerate a very wide range of temperatures, so they don't require refrigeration, and they are easy to raise in a controlled environment. They do not reproduce as fast as Wigglers and are a little more particular about their environment, meaning they are a little more sensitive to vibrations and acidic conditions.
They also are much bigger than Wigglers and this is one of the reasons they make a great fishing worm. We have, however, spoken to several worm farmers who have been quite successful at growing them quite large, as big as 8-9 inches long and thicker than a pencil.
The bigger Euros caught the same size fish as Canadian Nightcrawlers but at a significantly faster rate. In the picture below, which is a little fuzzy, our apologies, some friends caught an amazing Catfish with small Euros.
Our next test is to use some specially grown extra large Euros for Catfish and Walleye and see how well they do. Yes, they are not big as night crawlers, but 2-4 worms on midsize hook work well in areas without a lot of bluegills.
I started worm bin 3 months ago and happy to have baits for carping and catfishing anytime. Now I do not have shad in my shallow creek because of low water level, and wigglers are a good solution for me for zero price.
Blue cat eaters and channels are predominant species in my lake area; therefore, I usually use #1 J hooks for red wigglers. Short dropper loops (2-3") and high sensitivity of Kentucky rig help to avoid deep hook swallowing.
Not an admirer of art but if Rockwell painted a boy fishing he would have had a tin can with wigglers hanging over the edge by his side. As a kid, dug worms were all we used putting Gills, Bull Head, Carp, Bass and the occasional Channel on the stringer.
I do some “bumping” on the Tennessee River, red wigglers is key bait for Latin size channels and blues. Also, if you are short on time to get bait, just drive by Walmart or about any gas station on the way to the ramp.
They have groups of bristles (called STAE) on each segment that move in and out to grip nearby surfaces as the worms stretch and contract their muscles to push themselves forward or backward. E. Fetida worms are used for vermicomposting of both domestic and industrial organic waste.
They are native to Europe, but have been introduced (both intentionally and unintentionally) to every other continent except Antarctica. Tiger worms are also being tested for use in a flushless toilet, currently being trialed in India, Uganda and Myanmar.
E. Fetida also possess a unique natural defense system in their CoreLogic fluid: cells called coelomocytes secrete a protein called Lenin, which is a pore-forming toxin (PUT), which is able to permeability and lose invading cells. It is best at targeting foreign cells whose membranes contain significant amounts of sphingomyelin.
(Lenin is also toxic to organisms lacking sphingomyelin in their cell walls, including B. moratorium, though the pathway is not understood). Red wiggler are reddish purple color and has small ring shape entire body.
The only simple way of distinguishing the two species is that E. fetid is sometimes lighter. Molecular analyses have confirmed their identity as separate species, and breeding experiments have shown that they do produce hybrids.
The two worms join criteria, the large, lighter-colored bands which contain the worms' reproductive organs, and which are only prominent during the reproduction process. Both worms then secrete cocoons which contain several eggs each.
These cocoons are lemon-shaped and are pale yellow at first, becoming more brownish as the worms inside become mature. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye.
At 25 °C E. fetid hatches from its cocoon in about 3 weeks. The life expectancy of Eugenia fetid under controlled conditions varies, according to different authors, between one and five years.
“Chemical changes during vermicomposting (Eugenia fetid) of sheep manure mixed with cotton industrial wastes”. ^ Orozco, F. H.; Ceará, J.; Trujillo, L. M.; Rig, A.
“Vermicomposting of coffee pulp using the earthworm Eugenia fetid : Effects on C and N contents and the availability of nutrients”. “Vermicomposting of industrially produced wood chips and sewage sludge utilizing Eugenia fetid “.
^ Bruin, Hake; Tengelmann, Julia; Andersen, Christian; Andre, Jörg; Lapse, Matthias (2006-01-01). “Dissection of the mechanisms of catalytic and antibacterial activity of Lenin, a defense protein of the annelid Eugenia fetid”.
^ Platy, Barbara; Began, Janusz; Pan, Tomasz; Grail, Pawed (2018-09-21). “Asymmetrical hybridization and gene flow between Eugenia Andrei and E. fetid Lumbricidae earthworms”.
^ Domínguez, Jorge; Orlando, Alberto; Air, Manuel; Monroe, Fernando (2003-01-01). “Uniparental reproduction of Eugenia fetid and E. Andrei (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae): evidence of self-insemination: The 7th international symposium on earthworm ecology · Cardiff · Wales · 2002”.
^ Neubauer, Edward F.; Hammerstein, Roy; Kaplan, David L. (August 1980). “Growth of the Earthworm Eugenia Fetid in Relation to Population Density and Food Rationing”.