Domestic pets such as dogs, birds, and cats are generally not regulated, but chickens, sheep, horses, llamas, pigs, and cows are subject to certain requirements. Many laws prohibit keeping these farm animals in residential neighborhoods.
The availability of parking may affect the type of commercial zoning that is allowed. Many zoning laws ban or limit adult entertainment establishments to a certain geographical area.
Others bar such types of land uses within a certain distance of existing schools or churches. In many agricultural zoning ordinances, the density is controlled by setting a large minimum lot size for a residential dwelling unit.
Agricultural zoning can protect farming communities from becoming fragmented by residential development. In certain parts of the country, this class includes residences zoned to allow horses or cattle.
There are zoning regulations that prevent changing structures from the original conditions. The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of cultural resources deemed worthy of preservation.
District Sites Buildings Structures Objects that are significant in U. S. history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture. The National Register accepts applications for buildings that meet certain specific historic requirements.
This credit can be combined with a straight-line depreciation period of 27.5 years for residential property (31.5 years for nonresidential property) for the depreciable basis of the rehabilitated building, reduced by the amount of the tax credit claimed. Federal tax deductions are also available for charitable contributions to historically important land areas or structures.
Aesthetic zoning codes may require that building plans be submitted and approved by an architectural review committee. Wireless communication receiving devices can often be impacted by these types of zoning rules.
Zoning issues can arise at any time, and they can affect what you can do on your land and what your neighbors can do on theirs. Zoning ordinances may also regulate lot size, placement, density, and the height of structures.
Zoning ordinances may also regulate lot size, placement, density, and the height of structures. For example, by designating several neighboring sections of a city strictly for residential use, residents of that region will experience less traffic and noise pollution in their environment.
Zoning ordinances are also used to preserve the architectural integrity of the buildings in a specific area. If a municipality wishes to maintain the historic appearance of a part of town, zoning ordinances can be used to limit real estate construction there so that all new buildings must be of comparable height and square footage as the historic buildings.
For example, this may be the case if a new business plans to move to a specific city, only to discover that the zoning rules have changed in the geographic region of the property they intended to occupy. If an ordinance changes a zone that once allowed commercial businesses to operate to a residential-only zone, some small, local businesses may be allowed to stay open because of a grandfather clause.
If the variance is approved, the new tenant can move in and operate regardless of the zoning ordinance. As any seasoned commercial real estate professional can attest, certain cities are more amenable to CRE success than others.
From local development tax incentives, to immutable geographic features, many factors come to bear upon a city’s CRE environment. In short, by passing zoning legislation, local authorities segment the land under their jurisdiction into districts.
Aesthetic regulations guarantee a baseline coherence of building color, materials, architecture, publicly-viewable landscaping, and anything else that contributes to the “visual feel” of a district. Functional regulations determine where and when certain types of land uses can be implemented based on the impact and need for that use-type in the district.
These basic zoning regulations are powerful tools with which local governments are able to sculpt the appearance, atmosphere, and general character of their cities. Understanding aesthetic regulations and accessory codes doesn’t so much constitute a competitive advantage as much as the entry-fee for playing the game.
A vast majority of the opportunities for CRE professionals to strategically leverage zoning expertise are found in regulatory gray areas. For instance, as a jurisdiction expands and undergoes liminal development, the burden on local public infrastructure like water and sewer lines, roads, and green spaces experiences a corollary increase.
Oftentimes, communities will force developers to contribute to the expansion or refurbishment of such public infrastructure by inserting exaction clauses into zoning ordinances. The last thing a broker wants is to have a complex, extensively-negotiated deal fall apart because the buyer finds out that, in addition to paying the agreed upon purchase price and building according to aesthetic and usage ordinances, they will also have to help foot the bill for a new public infrastructure project.
No matter how motivated a CRE broker may be, not every client demand can be satisfied within prevailing zoning schemes. When a property originally on the outskirts of town is overrun by new development, for instance, local authorities may choose to grant the owner’s request to rezone his or her land (and the district encompassing it) from agricultural to residential or commercial.
In cases when a property owner is only concerned with their particular parcel and not their district at large, a landowner or potential buyer can request a zoning variance. For the most part, variances are granted when strict application of zoning ordinances would result in practical difficulties or unnecessary hardships for the landowner.
As a last resort, developers can apply for conditional use permits (CUP) when their plans run afoul of a district’s ordinances. CRE investors, brokers, and developers who master the nuances of their area’s zoning ordinances are strategically positioned to capitalize on the opportunities that go unnoticed and avoid deals that are ostensibly attractive but actually riddled with regulatory complications.
Such mastery involves careful study of loopholes like Puds and Cups, but more fundamentally, it requires access to comprehensive information about every property under consideration. That’s why we’ve created a property intelligence platform that enables users to discover new opportunities in any market, with zoning codes fully integrated and searchable.
Search for properties not only by features such as location, sales history, debt load, and price range, but also by zoning code, building size, unit density, and land use restriction. Use our zoning and other property data along with owner contact information to get in touch with decision-makers directly and own your market, starting today.
In neighborhoods and communities across the country, zoning laws dictate the specific type of property that can be built in various locations. Although this may seem restrictive, zoning is a crucial element of city planning that helps ensure communities of all sizes grow in a sustainable and organized manner.
When you are planning on purchasing a new home in an area you may be unfamiliar with, taking time to explore and identify zoning regulations in your area could help you catch a glimpse into the future of what your neighborhood will look like and how it will grow over time. Once an area receives a zoning classification, it requires a series of legislative approvals and administrative action to change it.
This branch of local government keeps detailed records regarding the zoning classifications of all neighborhoods and commercial districts within the city and county of San Francisco. For example, an R1 Zone may become significantly more attractive and valuable to real estate investors and buyers as urban density expands.
Although there is no guarantee that a specific area will appreciate, neighborhoods that cater to single-family residences will likely enjoy a degree of exclusivity for years to come. If you have the financial resources to purchase a house in an R1 Zone, you will most likely have years of peace and serenity with your family.
2 : to arrange in or mark off into zones specifically : to partition (a city, borough, or township) by ordinance into sections reserved for different purposes (such as residence or business) Anyone who is involved in commercial and industrial real estate quickly realizes the importance of zoning.
Essentially, parcels of land are zoned for a particular purpose such as residential, commercial or industrial. However, it’s not unusual to find residential houses and apartments standing close to businesses that provide goods and services.
Such ordinances may protect a natural or historical area or permit the habitation of animals on certain properties. Still others make spaces for schools, hospitals and community parks and sports fields.
For instance, a residential zone may be set aside for single-family dwellings while another is considered suitable for apartments. Commercial zones can be specified to be a cluster of small stores, a large shopping mall, restaurants or gas stations.
Most municipalities will use alphabetical designations such as R1 or C to describe the zone for a particular parcel of land. The factory shuttered several years ago, and the nearby city’s downtown area is spreading.
City leaders decide to re- zone the land, including the parcel on which the old factory stands, as an historic district. The factory cannot be used for light manufacturing any longer, which means that the number of potential buyers for the property has been significantly reduced.
Conversely, land that changes from an agricultural to an industrial zone may see improved property value numbers. Appraisers must decide what is physically possible on the parcel, what use is permitted by law, what makes the most financial sense and which use produces the highest value.